Rules and Doctrines pertaining to Conspiracy Cases:

     This page is continued from Criminal Law Self-Help >>>> Crimes and Corresponding Laws >>>> Crimes Necessarily Committed by Two or More Persons Working Together >>>> Conspiracy:


corrupt-motive doctrine – . the defunct rule that conspiracy is punishable only if the agreement was entered into with an evil purpose, not merely with an intent to do the illegal act.

coconspirator’s rule – an exception to the hearsay rule: one conspirator’s acts and statements, if made during and in furtherance of the conspiracy, are admissible against a codefendant even if made in the codefendant’s absence.

Wharton’s rule – an agreement by two or more persons to commit a particular crime cannot be prosecuted as a conspiracy if the crime was committed mutually, and not involving individuals outside their activity.

withdrawal from conspiracy – a conspirator who withdraws from a conspiracy before it is carried out may avoid prosecution if she discloses the conspiracy to law enforcement authorities.



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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6

[2]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition
 by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931

[3]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition
by Jack Ballantine 
(James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.


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