Pre-Contact Indian Country Political Associations:

Cultural Regions Map:
by Paul Mirocha [1]

“Pre-Contact Trade” Map:
from Encounters at the Heart of the World, A History of the Mandan People by Elizabeth A. Fenn (page 19): [5]

A Second Map of Pre-Contact Trade Routes:
by The Smithsonian Institution:
National Museum of the American Indian
 
[6]

Political Associations of Tribes including Pre-Contact Primary Systems of Law:
and related information

The Haudenosaunee Confederacy – northeastern tribes including the Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora: “The People of the Longhouse.”

19 Pueblo Indian Tribes

The Oceti Sakowin (“Seven Fires”) Tribes

  • Legal Structure:
  • Language Family: Siouan

California Indians

  • Legal Structure:
  • Language Family:

References:

[1]: Native American indigenous cultures map by Paul Mirocha saved from Ancient Origins, “Why Isn’t This Map in the History Books?” (2017): http://www.ancient-origins.net/history/why-isn-t-map-history-books-007401

[2]: “Pre-Contact Trade” Map:
from Encounters at the Heart of the World, A History of the Mandan People by Elizabeth A. Fenn (page 19)

[3]: Second Map of Pre-Contact Trade Routes
by The Smithsonian Institution:
National Museum of the American Indian

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