During the sentencing phase of a criminal case, the court determines the appropriate punishment for the convicted defendant. In determining a suitable sentence, the court will consider a number of factors, including the nature and severity of the crime, the defendant’s criminal history, the defendant’s personal circumstances and the degree of remorse felt by the defendant. 
1. The judicial determination of the penalty for a crime.  1. The act of imposing a sentence. 
1. Criminal law. The judgment that a court formally pronounces after finding a criminal defendant guilty; the punishment imposed on a criminal wrongdoer <a sentence of 20 years in prison>. See Fed. R. Crim. P. 32. — aka judgment of conviction. — sentence, vb. 
1. The judgment of the court in a criminal case. A criminal sentence constitutes the court’s action with respect to the consequences to the defendant of having committed the crime of which she has been convicted. Generally, criminal sentences impose a punishment of imprisonment, probation, fine, or forfeiture, or some combination of these penalties. In some jurisdictions, capital punishment may be imposed in cases involving the commission of a felony of extreme gravity. In some states, depending upon the crime, the jury, rather than the judge, establishes the sentence. 
A judgment in a criminal case denoting the acting of a court in formally declaring to the accused the legal consequences of the guilt which he has confessed or of which he has been convicted. State v Fedder, 1 Utah 2d 117, 262 P2d 753. 
indeterminate sentencing – (1941) Sentencing that is left up to the court, with few or very flexible guidelines. — aka discretionary sentencing.
mandatory sentencing – (1950) A statutorily specified penalty that automatically follows a conviction for the offense, often with a minimum mandatory term. — aka determinate sentencing; fixed sentencing.
presumptive sentencing – (1976) A statutory scheme that prescribes a sentence or range of sentences for an offense but allows the court some flexibility in atypical cases. 
See accumulative sentences; concurrent sentences; consecutive sentences; cumulative sentences; determinate sentence; indeterminate sentence; merger of sentences; minimum sentence; presentence hearing; presentence investigation; split sentence; suspended sentence. 
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: Justia Criminal Law Stages of a Criminal Case: https://www.justia.com/criminal/docs/stages-of-a-criminal-case.html
: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6
: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949). Edited by William S. Anderson. © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931
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