Jury de medietate linguae – historically, a jury comprised of half natives and half aliens, allowed when one of the parties is an alien (foreigner)

jury de medietate linguae:
[Latin “jury of halfness of language”]
(18c)

1. Hist. A jury made up of half natives and half aliens, allowed when one of the parties is an alien. [1]

1. A jury seldom, if ever, known to American Jurisprudence, but existing in England from 1353 until abolished by statute, 33 Victoria, Chapter 14, composed one-half each of English speaking persons and of persons speaking the language of the accused, a foreigner, on trial.  Respublica v Mesca (Pa) 1 Dall 73, 1 L Ed 42. [2]

References:

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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4

[2]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition
 by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931

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