Voir Dire (Examination) – a preliminary examination of a prospective juror by a judge or litigant(‘s counsel) to decide whether the prospect is qualified and suitable to serve on a jury

voir dire:
n. [Law French “to speak the truth”]
(17c)

1. A preliminary examination of a prospective juror by a judge or lawyer to decide whether the prospect is qualified and suitable to serve on a jury.  *  Loosely, the term refers to the jury-selection phase of a trial.

2. A preliminary examination to test the competence of a witness or evidence.

3. Hist. An oath administered to a witness requiring that witness to answer truthfully in response to questions. — also spelled voire dire. — aka voire dire exam; examination on the voir dire. — “voir dire”, vb. [1]

1. To speak the truth.  An oath administered to one called as a witness or juror preliminary to an examination of him in reference to his qualifications or disqualifications as witness or jury.  31 Am J Rev ed Jury § 136. [2]

1. Means “look speak.” [3]

voir dire examination:

1. The examination of a prospective juror by a litigant, usually through the latter’s counsel, for the purpose of determining whether such prospective juror is qualified to act as a juror and for the further purpose of of aiding the litigant in the exercise of his peremptory challenges31 Am J Rev ed Jury § 136.

The preliminary examination of one called as a witness to determine competency.  58 Am J1st Witn § 211. [2]

1. Examination of a potential juror for the purpose of determining whether she is qualified and acceptable to act as a juror int he case.  A prospective juror who a party decides is unqualified or unacceptable may be challenged for cause or may be the subject of a peremptory challenge. [3]

References:

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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4

[2]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition
 by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931

[3]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition by Jack Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.

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