Lawyer – someone licensed to practice law and qualified to advise about legal matters, prepare contracts and other legal instruments, and represent others in court

n. (14c)

1. Someone who, having been licensed to practice law, is qualified to advise people about legal matters, prepare contracts and other legal instruments, and represent people in court.  Cf. ATTORNEY. lawyerly, lawyerlike, adj. lawyerdom, n.

v certified military lawyer. A person qualified to act as counsel in a general court-martial. 0 To be qualified, the person must be ( 1) a judge advocate of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or a law specialist of the Coast Guard, (2) a graduate of an accredited law school, or a member of a federal~court bar or the bar of the highest court of a state, and (3) certiiied as competent to perform such duties by the Judge Advocate General

of the armed force that the person is a member of.

v cowboy lawyer. See Rambo lawyer.

criminal lawyer. (18c) A lawyer whose primary work is to represent criminal defendants. O This term is rarely if ever applied to prosecutors despite their integral involvement in the criminal-justice system.

> guardhouse lawyer. See IAILHOUSE LAWYER.

, headnote lawyer. Slang. A lawyer who relies on the headnotes of judicial opinions rather than taking the time to read the opinions themselves.

> jailhouse lawyer. See IAILHOUSE LAWYER.

> prudent lawyer. A lawyer whose judgment is good; esp., a careful and discreet lawyer possessing practical

knowledge. See good judgment under JUDGMENT (1).

> public-interest lawyer. (1969) An attorney whose practice is devoted to advocacy on behalf of a public institution or nongovernmental organization, or to advising and representing indigent clients and others who have limited access to legal aid. 0 Public-interest

lawyers often practice in fields such as civil rights and immigration law.

p Rambo lawyer. (1989) Slang. A lawyer, esp. a litigator, who uses aggressive, unethical, or illegal tactics in representing a client and who lacks courtesy and professmnalism in dealing with other lawyers. Often shortened to Rambo. -Also termed cowboy lawyer.

b transactional lawyer. (1990) A lawyer who works pri

marily on transactions such as licensing agreements,

mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures, and the like. See OFFICE PRACTITIONER.

lawyer, vb. (18c) 1. To practice as a lawyer <associates often spend their days and nights lawyering, with little time for recreation>. 2. To supply with lawyers <the large law-school class will certainly help lawyer the state>. See LAWYER UP.

lawyer autonomy. See AUTONOMY.

lawyer-client privilege. See attorney-client privilege under PRIVILEGE (3).

lawyering, n. (1842) 1. The work or skill of a duly licensed attorney at law, esp. as it involves representing a client to invoke and pursue legal procedures to resolve disputes, to effect transactions that require some degree of sophistication, or to change or preserve the client’s status. 0 In modern usage, the term is used in many collocations, such as collaborative lawyering, comparative lawyering, cross-cultural lawyering, and preventive lawyering. By extension, it appears in phrases such as jailhouse lawyering, lay lawyering, and pro se lawyering, in each of which the activity is attributed to someone other than an attorney at law. See Iosiah M. Daniel, A Proposed Definition of the Term Lawyering, 101 Law Lib. I. 207 (2009).

2. Archaic. The activity or practice of arguing, quarreling, or wrangling.

lawyer-referral service. (1947) A program, usu. offered by a bar association, that helps nonindigent clients clarify their legal problems and provides either contact information for lawyers who practice in the appropriate field or infor~ mation about government agencies or consumer organizations that may be able to provide services. 0 Under the Model Rules of Professional Conduct, a lawyer may

only the usual charges of a not-for-proflt or qualiwyer-referral service. A qualified-lawyer referral is one that is approved by a regulatory authority as

affording adequate protections for prospective clients Also termed lawyer referral and Information service.

lawyer up, vb. Slang. To retain one or more lawyers in prep aration for legal, esp. criminal, action.

law firm. (1852) An association of lawyers who practice law together, usually sharing clients and profits, in a business organized traditionally as a partnership but often today as either a professional corporation or a limited-liability company. 0 Many law firms have a hierarchical structure in which the partners (or shareholders) supervise junior lawyers known as “associates,” who are usu. employed on a track to partnership.

captive law firm. (1993) A law firm staffed by employees of an insurance company. 0 These lawyers typically defend insurers in lawsuits covered under the insurer’s liability policies.  The insurer’s use of a captive firm to defend an insured raises ethical questions about whether the lawyers will act in the insured’s best interests.  Often shortened to captive firm.

law lore. (1812) Knowledge of legal history; the collective traditions that are passed down from generation to generation of lawyers.

lawmonger, 11. (17c) A low or disreputable lawyer; a pettifogger or shyster. See PETTIFOGGER; SHYSTER.