Lawyer – someone licensed to practice law, and thus qualified to advise about legal matters, prepare contracts and other legal instruments, and represent others in court

     This page is continued from Legal Precepts Adopted into U.S. Law (from Europe) through the Constitution >>>> Roman “Civil Republic” State Law >>>> State Law Consists of Two Parts >>>> Substantive Law >>>> Officer >>>> Officers of the Court:


n. (14c)

1. Someone who, having been licensed to practice law, is qualified to advise people about legal matters, prepare contracts and other legal instruments, and represent people in court. lawyerly, lawyerlike, adj. lawyerdom, n. [1]

1. An attorney or counsellor at law; a barrister; a solicitor; a person licensed by law to practice the profession of the law who thus practices.
     A lawyer need not appear in any court, advertise himself as a lawyer, or earn his living by the services he performs as a lawyer, if he occupies some of his time in doing the proper work of a lawyer which contributes to his support, to fall within the term contributes to his support, to fall within the term as it is used in a statute exempting the library of a “lawyer” from execution. Equitable Life Assur. Soc. v Goode, 101 Iowa 160, 70 NW 113. [2]

1. An attorney.
     See also barrister; counselor; solicitor. [3]

cause lawyering – the practice of a lawyer who advocates for social justice by combining the activities of litigation, community organizing, public education, and lobbying to advance a cause past its current legal limitations and boundaries. —  aka activist lawyering; progressive lawyering; radical lawyering.

certified military lawyer – A person qualified to act as counsel in a general court-martial.  *  To be qualified, the person must be (1) a judge advocate of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or a law specialist of the Coast Guard, (2) a graduate of an accredited law school, or a member of a federal~court bar or the bar of the highest court of a state, and (3) certified as competent to perform such duties by the Judge Advocate General of the armed force that the person is a member of. [1]

common lawyer – A lawyer who is learned in the common law.

crown lawyer – A criminal lawyer; a lawyer who defends criminal prosecution. [2]

criminal lawyer (18c) A lawyer whose primary work is to represent criminal defendants.  *  This term is rarely if ever applied to prosecutors despite their integral involvement in the criminal-justice system.

guardhouse lawyer See JAILHOUSE LAWYER.

headnote lawyer Slang. A lawyer who relies on the headnotes of judicial opinions rather than taking the time to read the opinions themselves.

jailhouse lawyer See JAILHOUSE LAWYER. [1]

practicing lawyer – A person who customarily and habitually holds himself out to the public as a lawyer and who demands compensation for his services rendered as such. State v Bryan, 98 NC 644, 647, 4 SE 522.
     A retired lawyer who conducts but one suit in court for a friend or neighbor, without fee or reward, is not a “practicing lawyer.” McCargo v State (Miss) 1 So 161. [2]

prudent lawyer – A lawyer whose judgment is good; especially, a careful and discreet lawyer possessing practical knowledge.  See good judgment under JUDGMENT (1).

public-interest lawyer (1969) An attorney whose practice is devoted to advocacy on behalf of a public institution or nongovernmental organization, or to advising and representing indigent clients and others who have limited access to legal aid.  *  Public-interest lawyers often practice in fields such as civil rights and immigration law.

Rambo lawyer (1989) Slang. A lawyer, especially a litigator, who uses aggressive, unethical, or illegal tactics in representing a client, and who lacks courtesy and professionalism in dealing with other lawyers. — Often shortened to Rambo. — aka cowboy lawyer.

transactional lawyer (1990) A lawyer who works primarily on transactions such as licensing agreements, mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures, and the like.  See OFFICE PRACTITIONER.

lawyer vb. (18c) 1. To practice as a lawyer <associates often spend their days and nights lawyering, with little time for recreation>. 2. To supply with lawyers <the large law-school class will certainly help lawyer the state>.  See LAWYER UP.

lawyer autonomy See AUTONOMY.

lawyer-client privilege See attorney-client privilege under PRIVILEGE (3).

lawyering n. (1842) 1. The work or skill of a duly licensed attorney at law, especially as it involves representing a client to invoke and pursue legal procedures to resolve disputes, to effect transactions that require some degree of sophistication, or to change or preserve the client’s status.  *  In modern usage, the term is used in many collocations, such as collaborative lawyering, comparative lawyering, cross-cultural lawyering, and preventive lawyering.  By extension, it appears in phrases such as jailhouse lawyering, lay lawyering, and pro se lawyering, in each of which the activity is attributed to someone other than an attorney at law.  See Josiah M. Daniel, A Proposed Definition of the Term Lawyering, 101 Law Lib. I. 207 (2009).

2. Archaic. The activity or practice of arguing, quarreling, or wrangling.

lawyer-referral service (1947) A program, usually offered by a bar association, that helps nonindigent clients clarify their legal problems and provides either contact information for lawyers who practice in the appropriate field or information about government agencies or consumer organizations that may be able to provide services.  *  Under the Model Rules of Professional Conduct, a lawyer may only the usual charges of a not-for-profit or qualified-lawyer referral service.  A qualified-lawyer referral is one that is approved by a regulatory authority as affording adequate protections for prospective clients. — aka lawyer referral and Information service.

lawyer up vb. Slang. To retain one or more lawyers in preparation for legal, esp. criminal, action.

law firm (1852) An association of lawyers who practice law together, usually sharing clients and profits, in a business organized traditionally as a partnership but often today as either a professional corporation or a limited-liability company.  *  Many law firms have a hierarchical structure in which the partners (or shareholders) supervise junior lawyers known as “associates,” who are usu. employed on a track to partnership.

captive law firm (1993) A law firm staffed by employees of an insurance company.  *  These lawyers typically defend insurers in lawsuits covered under the insurer’s liability policies.  The insurer’s use of a captive firm to defend an insured raises ethical questions about whether the lawyers will act in the insured’s best interests. —  Often shortened to captive firm.

law lore (1812) Knowledge of legal history; the collective traditions that are passed down from generation to generation of lawyers.

lawmonger n. (17c) A low or disreputable lawyer; a pettifogger or shyster.  See PETTIFOGGER; SHYSTER.


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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6

[2]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition
 by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931

[3]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition
by Jack Ballantine 
(James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.


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