Actual Fraud – intentionally or recklessly concealing a fact or misleading, in a way that injures another(s)

     This page is continued from Criminal Law Self-Help Walkthrough >>>> Types of Crimes and Corresponding Laws >>>> Fraud:


actual fraud:

1. A concealment or false representation through an intentional or reckless statement or conduct that injures another who relies on it in acting. — aka fraud in fact; positive fraud; moral fraud. [1]

1. Intentional and successful employment of cunning, deception, or artifice to circumvent, cheat, or deceive another.  23 Am J1st Fraud § 4. [2]

1. The intentional and successful use of cunning or deception to cheat or deceive. [3]

positive fraud:

1. Actual, as distinguished from constructive fraud.   Intentional deception.  37 Am J2d Fraud § 4. [2]


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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6

[2]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition
 by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931

[3]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition
by Jack Ballantine 
(James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.


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