General Legal Terms pertaining to Torts:

Tortfeasor – someone who commits a tort (civil wrong); a wrongdoer.

  • Concurrent Tortfeasors – two or more tortfeasors whose simultaneous actions cause injury to a third party.
  • Consecutive Tortfeasors – two or more tortfeasors whose actions, while occurring at different time, combine to cause a single injury to a third party.
  • Joint Tortfeasors – two or more tortfeasors who contributed to the claimant’s injury and who may be joined as defendants in the same lawsuit.
  • Successive Tortfeasors – two or more tortfeasors whose negligence occurs at different times and causes different Injuries to the same third party.
  • Fault – the legal responsibility for an injury suffered by another that is caused by error or defect of judgment or conduct resulting from inattention, incapacity, perversity, bad faith, or mismanagement.
  • Culpable – guilty or at fault and/or breach or duty.
  • Breach of Duty of Care – negligence that results in a foreseeable injury that would not have occurred but for the negligent person’s actions.

Liable – likely to incur a penalty as a result of having commit a civil wrong or breach of contract, answerable by tort.  aka legally liable.

  • Liability – the quality; state, or condition of being legally obligated or accountable; a debt enforceable by civil remedy or criminal punishment.

Tortious Act – an act that subjects the actor to liability under the principles of tort law.

Tort Reform – a movement to reduce the amount of tort litigation, usually involving legislation that restricts tort remedies or that caps damages awards.

References:

[1]:  Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6

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Back to Civil Proceedings (Torts) Self-Help

Types of Torts

Types of Injuries

Various Forms of Relief Available from the Courts

Criminal Proceedings Self-Help

Intro to Law

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