Closing Argument – a final request to the fact-finder to consider the evidence and to apply the law in one’s favor; afterward (in a jury trial) the judge ordinarily instructs the jury on the law that governs the case

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closing argument:

1. In a trial, a lawyer’s final statement to the judge or jury before deliberation begins, in which the lawyer requests the judge or jury to consider the evidence and to apply the law in his or her client’s favor.  *  After the closing arguments, in a jury trial, the judge ordinarily instructs the jury on the law that governs the case. — aka closing statement; final argument; jury summation; summing up; summation; closing address; (in English law) final submission; (in English law) final speech. [1]

1. The final argument in a case. [2]

closing statement:

1. The closing argument or summation by counsel in a trial. [3]

closing argument:

1. See closing.


1. Making the closing argument (also referred to as a final argument) in a case; making a summation; summing up. [2]


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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4

[2]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition
by Jack Ballantine 
(James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.

[3]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition
 by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931


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