Deliberation and Verdict:

Special Interrogatory – a written question regarding the facts, directed to the jury, whose answer is required to supplement a general verdict (upon request for a special verdict or special findings).

Closing Argument – a final statement to the judge or jury before deliberation begins, requesting the judge or jury to consider the evidence and to apply the law in one’s favor; afterward (in a jury trial) the judge ordinarily instructs the jury on the law that governs the case.

Request for Instructions – a written request to the judge for jury instructions, made by either party, usually after both sides have rested. 

Jury Instructions – given by a judge to a jury concerning the law of the case. — aka instruction; jury charge; charge; jury direction; direction.

Jury Room – the room in a courthouse wherein the jury conducts its deliberations.

Presiding Juror – usually elected by the jury at the start of deliberations, chairs the jury during deliberations and speaks for the jury in court by announcing the verdict. — aka foreman; foreperson; (in Scots law) jury chancellor.

Deliberation (Deliberate) – carefully considering issues and options before making a decision or taking some action; especially, the process by which a jury reaches a verdict, as by analyzing, discussing, and weighing the evidence after closing arguments.

Jury Verdict Form – a document announcing the judgment or verdict of the jury.

Polling the Jury – a procedure whereby each juror who participated in the verdict is asked individually if they support the verdict, or if they were coerced or induced into agreeing.

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