Tribal Court – a quasi-independent court composed of tribal members, usually situated on a reservation and varying in procedure according to local custom

Tribal Court:

“Under the Indian Child Welfare Act, a court with child custody jurisdiction  that is

(1) a Court of Indian Offenses,
(2) a court established and operated under an Indian tribe’s code or custom, or
(3) any other tribal administrative body that is vested with authority over child-custody proceedings.

The Tribal Court is composed of tribal members, is usually situated on the reservation, and varies in its characteristics from tribe to tribe. It is not part of any state’s judicial system, instead operating more or less as a judicial system of a foreign nation.  See INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT.”


[1]: All definitions, unless otherwise specified, from Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4