(Indian) Treaty – a contract formally signed, ratified, or adhered to between two countries or sovereigns, or a contract between two or more states that is governed by international law


1. An agreement formally signed, ratified, or adhered to between two countries or sovereigns; an international agreement concluded between two or more states in written form and governed by international law. [1]

1. A written contract between nations executed with the formality customary m dealings and transactions between nations, although not necessarily in a particular and prescribed form.  A contract between nations for which the consent of the contracting parties is given expressly or tacitly, verbally or in writing.  52 Am J1st Treat § 5.  A contract of reinsurance. [1]

treaty power:

1. The power to make treaties with foreign nations, such being. given by the United States Constitution to the President acting with the advice and consent of the Senate. any treaty requiring the concurrence of two-thirds of the senators present.  52 Am J1st Treat § 7.
     By the United States Constitution, the several states are prohibited from entering into any treaty, alliance, or confederation, and they shall not, without the consent of Congress, enter into a compact with another state or with a foreign power.  US Const Art 1 § 10.

Indian treaties:

1. Treaties made and entered into between the various American Indian tribes and the United States.  Worcester v The State of Georgia (US) 6 Pet 515, 8 L Ed 483

treaty trader:

1. An alien entitled to enter the United States solely to carry on trade under and in pursuance of the provisions of an existing treaty between the country of which he is a national and the United States.  Susuki v Harris (DC Tex) 29 F Supp 46. [2]


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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6

[2]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition
 by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931


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