Article III § 2 Clause 3:
“Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.“
The Sixth Amendment guarantees:
- the right to a speedy and public trial.
- an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law.
- to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation
- to be confronted with the witnesses against him
- to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor
- to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
trial by jury:
1. A trial in which the jurors are the judges of the facts and the court is the judge of the law. State ex rel. Rhodes v Saunders, 66 NH 39, 25 A 588.
A matter of constitutional or statutory right to a trial by a legal, proper, fair, and impartial jury drawn from a cross section of the community. 31 Am J Rev ed Jury §§ 7 et seq. 
Types of Juries in Criminal Cases:
Grand Jury – usually 16 to 23 people who are chosen to sit permanently for at least a month and sometimes a year and who, in ex parte proceedings, decide whether to issue indictments. — aka jury of indictment. See Title III Fed. R. Crim. P.
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: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949). Edited by William S. Anderson. © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931
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