1. A formal written request presented to a court or other official body.
2. In some states (cases), the first pleading in a lawsuit. — COMPLAINT. 
1. A formal request in writing, addressed to a person or body in a position of authority (EXAMPLES: a city council; an administrative agency), signed by a number of persons or by one person.
2. The name given in some jurisdictions to a complaint or other pleading that alleges a cause of action.
3. An application made to the court ex parte.
4. A prayer; a request; an appeal. 
1. A formal request in writing with addressed to one in a position of authority or to a body, such as a municipal council, usually signed by a number of persons. An application. The name given in some jurisdictions to the pleading by which the plaintiff in a civil action, whether in law or equity, sets forth his cause of action, and invokes the jurisdiction of the court. 41 Am J lst pl § 73 In some jurisdictions, the pleading by the plaintiff in a special proceeding. The pleading which seeks condemnation of property in a proceeding in eminent domain. 27 Am J2d MD § 395. 
Types of Petitions:
Petition of Rights – for recovery of wrongfully detained property &/or person(s) held in custody.
Referendum Petition – a petition demanding that newly proposed, or previously enacted, legislation be submitted to the people for their approval or rejection.
Petition in Intervention – to join the plaintiff in claiming what is sought or joining the defendant in resisting what is sought, or for taking a position adverse to both the plaintiff and the defendant.
Juvenile Petition – a juvenile-court petition alleging delinquent conduct by the accused.
Petition for Probate – to request the court to admit a will to probate.
Petition for Highway – an application by property owners for the opening of a highway.
Petition for Improvement – a property owner’s petition for the construction of a public improvement.
Disclaimer: All material throughout this website is pertinent to people everywhere, and is being utilized in accordance with Fair Use.
: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949). Edited by William S. Anderson. © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931
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