1. The taking of a person into legal custody either under a valid warrant or on probable cause that the person has committed a crime. — aka arrest by warrant; warrant arrest. 
1. An arrest based upon a legal warrant or otherwise based upon probable cause.
2. A proper civil arrest. 
Related Terms, Doctrines, etc.:
knock-and-announce rule – officers must knock and announce their identity, authority, and purpose before entering a residence to execute an arrest warrant or search warrant. — aka knock-and-notice rule.
- no-knock search warrant – a type of search warrant that authorizes exception to the knock-and-announce rule because a prior announcement would probably lead to the destruction of the objects searched for, or compromise someone(s) safety.
posse comitatus – a group of citizens summoned by a sheriff or other peace officer to assist him in maintaining order or making an arrest. — Often shortened to posse.
Various Forms of Lawful Arrests:
warranted arrest – an arrest made under authority of a warrant.
- arrest warrant – issued by a disinterested magistrate shown probable cause; directs a law-enforcement officer to arrest and take a person into custody. — aka warrant of arrest.
- return of warrant – a return of an arrest warrant, by the officer to whom it was given, showing substantially that the officer operated within the scope of proper execution.
warrantless arrest – a legal arrest, without a warrant, carried out by a peace officer or private citizen, when there’s absolute certainty or probable cause that a crime was committed by the suspect. — aka arrest without a warrant.
- citizen’s arrest – an arrest by a private person on grounds that (1) a public offense was committed in their presence, or (2) they have reasonable cause to believe the arrestee has committed a felony.
- rearrest – a warrantless arrest due to escape from custody, violation of parole or probation, or failure to appear in court.
- turnover arrest – made by a security guard who holds the suspect, usually a shoplifter, until the police arrive and then turns the suspect over to them.
criminal arrest – (1818) An arrest made on suspicion, especially on probable cause, that the person has committed a crime.
material-witness arrest – (1968) An arrest and detention of a witness to a crime for the purpose of inducing the witness to provide material evidence to investigators or prosecutors. * This type of arrest requires a warrant based on probable cause.
parol arrest – (1904) An arrest ordered by a judge or magistrate from the bench, without written complaint, and executed immediately, such as an arrest of a person who breaches the peace in open court. See CONTEMPT.
mental-hygiene arrest – (2004) The arrest of a person who appears to be mentally ill and is behaving in a manner likely to result in serious harm to self or others, the purpose of the arrest usually being for immediate hospitalization.
civil arrest – ( 18c) Hist. An arrest and detention of a civil-suit defendant until bail is posted or a judgment is paid. * Civil arrest is prohibited in most states.
- arrest on final process – ( 18c) Hist. Arrest in a civil case after the conclusion of a trial. — aka arrest in execution.
- arrest on mesne (“meen”) process – (18c) Hist. Arrest in a civil case before trial takes place. 
Disclaimer: All material throughout this website is compiled in accordance with Fair Use.
: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6
: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949). Edited by William S. Anderson. © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931
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