Adjective Law – the body of rules governing procedure and practice (“procedural law”)

     Excerpt from Edwin E. Bryant’s The Law of Pleading Under the Codes of Civil Procedure (2d ed. 1899):

     “The body of law in a State consists of two parts, substantive and adjective law.  The former prescribes those rules of civil conduct which declare the rights and duties of all who are subject to the law.  The latter relates to the remedial agencies and procedure by which rights are maintained their invasion redressed, and the methods by which such results are accomplished in judicial tribunals. [1]

adjective law:

1. The body of rules governing procedure and practice; PROCEDURAL LAW — aka adjectival law. [2]

1. Remedial law.  That which prescribes how rights are presented for adjudication and enforced and defenses maintained, as distinguished from the law known as substantive law which creates rights and supports defenses.  Mix v Board of County Commrs. 18 Idaho 695, 112 P 215. [3]

1. Procedural law; law that dictates how rights are adjudicated, as distinguished from substantive law, which creates legal rights. [4]

procedure – the judicial rule or manner for carrying on a civil class suit or criminal prosecution.

practice – the procedural methods and rules used in a court of law.


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[1]: Edwin E. Bryant, The Law of Pleading Under the Codes of Civil Procedure (2d ed. 1899).

[2]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4

[3]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition
 by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931

[4]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition
by Jack Ballantine 
(James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.


Back to State Law Consists of Two Parts

Back to Roman “Civil Republic” State Law

Legal Precepts Adopted (from Europe) into The U.S. Constitution

§ § of Law Embedded into the Constitution Pursuant to the American Revolution

Indian Country Law

Federal Rules of Procedure

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