Standard Legal Terms used in Initial Damage Assessment:

common-law damages – a court ordered monetary award intended to return an injured party, as nearly as possible. to their position that party occupied before suffering harm.

accumulative damages – statutory damages allowed in addition to amounts available under the common law.  aka enhanced damages.

general damages – damages so reasonably expected to result from the type of wrong complained of that they do not need to be proved; specifically compensatory damages for harm that frequently result from the tort for which a party has sued.  aka direct damages; necessary damages.

additional damages – usually provided by statute in addition to direct damages, including expenses resulting from the injury, consequential damages, or punitive damages.

compensatory damages – the total damages recoverable in satisfaction of, or in recompense for, loss or injury sustained, including all damages, except nominal damages, punitive, or exemplary damages. — aka compensatories; actual damages.

statutory damages – damages provided by statute as distinguished from damages provided under the common law.

  • multiple damages – statutory damages that are a multiple of the amount that the fact-finder determines to be owed.
    • double damages – damages that, by statute, are twice the amount that the fact-finder determines is owed or twice the amount of actual damages.
    • treble damages – damages that, by statute, are three times the amount. of actual damages that the fact-finder determines is owed.


All material utilized in accordance with Fair Use.

[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6


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