Fed. Rules Civil Proc. Titles I through Title VI:

Title I- Scope of Rules; Form of Action:

Rule 1 – Scope & Purpose

Nothing Functional– explains that Fed. Rules Civil Procedure govern all Civil Cases in all U.S. Federal District Courts.

Rule 2 – One Form of Action

Nothing Functional– explains that the 11 Forms of Action that were historically used for Common Law have been condensed & simplified into the modern “Civil Action”.

Title II– Commencing an Action; Service of Process; Pleadings, Motions, & Orders:

In Forma Pauperis” – Court Fee Waivers for Impoverished Persons including Inmates

Step One Filing – for low income or impoverished persons, including inmates, who need to have court fees waived.

Rule 3 – Commencing An Action

Step One Filing – this section includes the Civil Complaint form used to commence a civil action.

Rule 4 – Summons & Other Process

Step Two and Three Filings – Send the Defendant(s) one signed Notice of Lawsuit & Request to Waive Service Form and two  Waiver of the Service Forms along with one copy of the Complaint & a stamped, self-addressed envelope.  Each Defendant who fails to Waive the Service & Promise to Appear (explained in previous forms) must be sent a Summons form that is signed & sealed by the Court.  Read full rule.

Next steps to be simplified soon.

Rule 5 – Serving and Filing Pleadings and Other Papers

Rule 5.1 – Constitutional Challenge to a Statute

Rule 5.2 – Privacy Protection for Filings Made with the Court

Rule 6 – Computing and Extending Time; Time for Motion Papers

Title III- Pleadings & Motions:

Rule 7Pleadings Allowed; Form of Motions and Other Papers

Rule 7.1– Disclosure Statement

Rule 8 – General Rules of Pleading

Rule 9 – Pleading Special Matters

Rule 10 – Form of Pleadings

Rule 11 – Signing Pleadings, Motions, and Other Papers; Representations to the Court; Sanctions

Rule 12 – Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

Rule 13 – Counterclaim and Crossclaim

Rule 14 – Third-Party Practice

Rule 15 – Amended and Supplemental Pleadings

Rule 16 – Pretrial Conferences; Scheduling; Management

Title IV – Parties:

Rule 17Plaintiff and Defendant; Capacity; Public Officers

Rule 18 – Joinder of Claims

Rule 19 – Required Joinder of Parties

Rule 20 – Permissive Joinder of Parties

Rule 21 – Misjoinder and Nonjoinder of Parties

Rule 22 – Interpleader

Rule 23 – Class Actions

Rule 23.1 – Derivative Actions

Rule 23.2 – Actions Relating to Unincorporated Associations

Rule 24 – Intervention

Rule 25 – Substitution of Parties

Title V – Disclosures & Discovery:

Rule 26Duty to Disclose; General Provisions Governing Discovery

Rule 27 – Depositions to Perpetuate Testimony

Rule 28 – Persons Before Whom Depositions May Be Taken

Rule 29 – Stipulations About Discovery Procedure

Rule 30 – Depositions by Oral Examination

Rule 31 – Depositions by Written Questions

Rule 32 – Using Depositions in Court Proceedings

Rule 33 – Interrogatories to Parties

Rule 34 – Producing Documents, Electronically Stored Information, and Tangible Things, or Entering onto Land, for Inspection and Other Purposes

Rule 35 – Physical and Mental Examinations

Rule 36 – Requests for Admission

Rule 37 – Failure to Make Disclosures or to Cooperate in Discovery; Sanctions

Title VI – Trials:

Rule 38 – Right to a Jury Trial; Demand

Rule 39 – Trial by Jury or by the Court

Rule 40 – Scheduling Cases for Trial

Rule 41 – Dismissal of Actions

Rule 42 – Consolidation; Separate Trials

Rule 43 – Taking Testimony

Rule 44 – Proving an Official Record

Rule 44.1 – Determining Foreign Law

Rule 45 – Subpoena

Rule 46 – Objecting to a Ruling or Order

Rule 47 – Selecting Jurors

Rule 48 – Number of Jurors; Verdict; Polling

Rule 49 – Special Verdict; General Verdict and Questions

Rule 50 – Judgment as a Matter of Law in a Jury Trial; Related Motion for a New Trial; Conditional Ruling

Rule 51 – Instructions to the Jury; Objections; Preserving a Claim of Error

Rule 52 – Findings and Conclusions by the Court; Judgment on Partial Findings

Rule 53 – Masters

Next Section: Fed. Rules Civil Proc. Titles VII through Title XIII











Quote Source: “Abraham Lincoln, [September 16-17, 1859] (Notes for Speech in Kansas and Ohio),” Page 2.

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