Party – one of the opposing litigants in a lawsuit (e.g. defendant or plaintiff), but may be refer to another person(s)

    This page is continued from Civil Law Self-Help >>>> Assess Your Case >>>>  Who caused the injury?:



l. A person who has engaged in a transaction or made an agreement (i.e., a party to a contract). EXAMPLES of the use of the word “party” in this context include: secured party; multiparty account; third -party beneficiary.  In this sense of the word, a person who has had dealings of any sort with another is a “party” to those interactions.  Thus, a person who participates in the commission of a crime is a party to the crime and a person who is the victim of a tort is an injured partySee also innocent party.

2. One of the opposing litigants in a lawsuit; e.g., a defendant or a plaintiff; a petitioner; an appellant; an appellee. EXAMPLES of this use of the word “party” include: indispensable party; joinder of parties; necessary party. See also adverse party; nominal party; proper parties; substitution of parties; third party complaint.

3. As the term is used in connection. with an appeal, the appellant (also called plaintiff in error) and the appellee (also called respondent or defendant in error). See also aggrieved party.

4. For some purposes, a person interested in the outcome of litigation, who may or may not be a party of record, for EXAMPLE, a party in interest or a real party in interest.

5 . A person. [1]

1. Someone who takes part in a transaction <a party to the contract>. [2]

     Excerpt from John Rastell’s Les Termes de la Ley (26th ed. 1721):

     “Note, that if an indenture be made between two as Parties thereto in the Beginning, and in the Deed one of them grants or lets a Thing to another who is not named in the Beginning, he is not Party to the Deed, nor shall take any Thing thereby. [3]

     Excerpt from Stewart Rapalje & Robert L. Lawrence’s A Dictionary of American and English Law (1883):

     “A person who takes part in a legal transaction or proceeding is said to be a party to it. Thus, if an agreement, conveyance, lease, or the like, is entered into between A. and B., they are said to be parties to it; and the same expression is often, though not very correctly, applied to the persons named as the grantors or releasors in a deedpoll. [4]

  • party of the first part  (18c) Archaic. The party named first in a contract; esp., the owner or seller.
  • party of the second part (18c) Archaic. The party named second in a contract; esp., the buyer.

2. One by or against whom a lawsuit is brought; anyone who both is directly interested in a lawsuit and has a right to control the proceedings, make a defense, or appeal from an adverse judgment; LITIGANT <a party to the lawsuit>.  *  For purposes of res judicata, a party to a lawsuit is a person who has been named as a party and has a right to control the lawsuit either personally, or, if not fully competent, through someone appointed to protect the person’s interests. In law, all nonparties are known as “strangers” to the lawsuit. [2]

     Excerpt from Oliver L. Barbour’s A Summary of the Law of Parties to Actions at Law and Suits in Equity (1864):

     “Those persons who institute actions for the recovery of their rights, or the redress of their wrongs, and those against whom the actions are instituted, are the parties to the actions. The former are, in actions at common law, called plaintiffs, and the latter, defendants. in real actions, the parties are styled demandant and tenant; in appeals, appellant and respondent; in admiralty practice, libellant and respondent; in equity, plaintiff (or complainant) and defendant; on writs of error, plaintiff in error and defendant in error; on certioraris, relator and defendant; in criminal proceedings, the king, or the people, or state, or commonwealth, and prisoner; (the person on whose complaint the proceedings were instituted being styled the prosecutor;) in the Scotch law, pursuer and defender; and in the civil law, actor and reus. [5]


Disclaimer: All material throughout this website is pertinent to people everywhere, and is being utilized in accordance with Fair Use.

[1]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition
by Jack Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.

[2]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4

[3]: John Rastell, Les Termes de la Ley 471 (26th ed. 1721).

[4]: 2 Stewart Rapalje & Robert L. Lawrence, A Dictionary of American and English Law 930 (1883).

[5]: Oliver L. Barbour, A Summary of the Law of Parties to Actions at Law and Suits in Equity 18 (1864).


Back to Terms for Various Types of Parties

Essential Terminology

Intro to U.S. Law

Legal Precepts Adopted (from Europe) into The U.S. Constitution

§ § of Law Embedded into the Constitution Pursuant to the American Revolution

Indian Country Law

Federal Rules of Procedure

Like this website?

Please Support Our Fundraiser

or donate via PayPal:

  • please set some widgets to show from Appearance -> Widgets.

Disclaimer: Wild Willpower does not condone the actions of Maximilian Robespierre, however the above quote is excellent!

This website is being broadcast for First Amendment purposes courtesy of

Question(s)?  Suggestion(s)?
Like to offer financial support?
Email [email protected].
We look forward to hearing from you!

Disclaimer and Terms of Service

Last updated: February 17, 2023

     Read these Terms of Use (“Terms”, “Terms of Use”) carefully before using the website (the “Service”) operated by Wild Willpower (“us”, “we”, or “our”).

     Your access to and use of the Service is conditioned on your acceptance of and compliance with these Terms. These Terms apply to all visitors, users and others who access or use the Service.

     By accessing or using the Service you agree to be bound by these Terms. If you disagree with any part of the terms then you may not access the Service.


      This webpage constitutes a grassroots attempt to make the justice system more accessible for the average civilian. Information throughout this page does not constitute legal advice, nor should it be construed a replacement thereof. The information contained on this website is for informational purposes only.  Some information may be incorrect or out of date.  The author assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions in the content of this site. The information contained in this site is provided on an “as is” basis with no guarantees of completeness, accuracy, usefulness or timeliness. We make no representation or warranty with respect to the information on this site. This webpage is being broadcast for First Amendment purposes, and represents a good-faith attempt to assist fellow civilians in finding justice for when they cannot find help from an attorney or from government agencies.  Our use of all content is being used explicitly for noncommercial purposes, and is protected in accord with Fair Use laws. To help us improve the website, or to point out somewhere it may need fixed or amended, email [email protected].  By continuing to read this website, you are thereby using our Service, within the scope and understanding as defined here.


     We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to modify or replace these Terms at any time.  What constitutes a material change will be determined at our sole discretion.

     By continuing to access or use our Service after those revisions become effective, you agree to be bound by the revised terms. If you do not agree to the new terms, yet continue to use our Service, you agree that Wild Willpower PAC nor its officers may be held liable for any actions taken or misunderstandings on your part; do not use this website as your sole source of law-related information.


     When you create an account with us, you must provide us information that is accurate, complete, and current at all times. Failure to do so constitutes a breach of the Terms, which may result in immediate termination of your account on our Service.

     You are responsible for safeguarding the password that you use to access the Service and for any activities or actions under your password, whether your password is with our Service or a third-party service.

     You agree not to disclose your password to any third party. You must notify us immediately upon becoming aware of any breach of security or unauthorized use of your account.

Intellectual Property

     The  Service and its original content, features and functionality (the layout and manner in which information is arranged) are and will remain the exclusive property of Wild Willpower and its licensors, and may be sold or transferred at any time.

Limitation of Liability

     Wild Willpower PAC is committed to providing high-quality products and services to our users. However, we understand that unforeseen circumstances may arise, and we want to ensure that our users are aware of the limitations of our liability.

    In no event shall Wild Willpower PAC or its affiliates, directors, officers, employees, agents, or suppliers be liable for any direct, indirect, punitive, incidental, special, or consequential damages arising out of or in any way connected with the use of our products or services, including but not limited to damages for loss of profits, use, data, or other intangible losses.

     Our liability is limited to the extent permitted by law, and in no event shall it exceed the amount paid by the user for the product or service in question. This limitation of liability applies regardless of the legal theory upon which the claim is based, whether in contract, tort, negligence, strict liability, or otherwise, even if we have been advised of the possibility of such damages.

    By using our products or services, you acknowledge and agree to this limitation of liability. If you do not agree with this limitation, your only remedy is to discontinue the use of our products and services.

Limitation of Damages

    Wild Willpower PAC values its users and strives to provide the best possible products and services. However, in the event of unforeseen circumstances, we want to make sure our users are aware of the limitations of our liability.

    In no event shall Wild Willpower PAC or its affiliates, directors, officers, employees, agents, or suppliers be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, special, or exemplary damages arising out of or in any way connected with the use of our products or services, even if we have been advised of the possibility of such damages.

     Our liability is limited to the extent permitted by law and shall not exceed the total amount paid by the users for the product or service in question. This limitation of damages applies whether the claim is based on breach of contract, breach of warranty, tort (including negligence), or any other legal theory.

    In no event shall Wild Willpower PAC be liable for any damages arising from the use of third-party products or services, including but not limited to those provided by our partners or affiliates.

    By using our products or services, you acknowledge and agree to this limitation of damages. If you do not agree with this limitation, your only remedy is to discontinue the use of our products and services.

    This limitation of damages statement is intended to be enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, and if any portion of this limitation is deemed invalid or unenforceable, the remainder of the limitation shall remain in full force and effect.


     This agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of Iowa and the United States of America. Any legal action or proceeding arising out of or related to this agreement shall be brought exclusively in federal or state courts located in Iowa, and each party irrevocably consents to the jurisdiction of such courts for the purpose of any such action or proceeding.

Links To Other Web Sites

     Our Service may contain links to third-party web sites or services that are not owned or controlled by Wild Willpower.

     Wild Willpower has no control over, and assumes no responsibility for, the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third party web sites or services. You further acknowledge and agree that Wild Willpower shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on or through any such web sites or services.

     We strongly advise you to read the terms and conditions and privacy policies of any third-party web sites or services that you visit.


     We may terminate or suspend your account immediately, without prior notice or liability, for any reason whatsoever, including without limitation if you breach the Terms.

     Upon termination, your right to use the Service will immediately cease. If you wish to terminate your account, you may simply discontinue using the Service.

     All provisions of the Terms which by their nature should survive termination shall survive termination, including, without limitation, ownership provisions, warranty disclaimers, indemnity and limitations of liability.


     Your use of the Service is at your sole risk. The Service is provided on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis. The Service is provided without warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement or course of performance.

Governing Law

     These Terms shall be governed and construed in accordance with the laws of United States and the State of Iowa.

     Our failure to enforce any right or provision of these Terms will not be considered a waiver of those rights.  These Terms constitute the entire agreement between us regarding our Service, and supersede and replace any prior agreements we might have between us regarding the Service.


   If any portion of this Disclaimer and/or Terms of Use are deemed unenforceable, that shall not affect any other part of this Agreement. The unenforceable or illegal portion will be deemed deleted, and the Terms remaining shall remain valid and enforceable.

Contact Us

    If you have any questions about these Terms, please contact us: [email protected].