in rem Jurisdiction – a court’s power to adjudicate the rights to a given piece of property (i.e. action to quiet title; civil forfeiture) as opposed to the rights of a person.

     This page is also continued from Intro >>>> Jurisdiction >>>> Subject-Matter Jurisdiction:


in rem:
[Latin “against a thing”] (18c)

1. Involving or determining the status of a thing, and therefore the rights of persons generally with respect to that thing. — aka (archaically) impersonal.  See action in rem under ACTION (4). — in rem, adv. [1]

1. (Latin) Means “in the thing.”  [2]

in rem jurisdiction:


1. A court’s power to adjudicate the rights to a given piece of property, including the power to seize and hold it. — aka jurisdiction in rem. [1]

1. The jurisdiction a court has over property situated in the state. [2]

Also see action in rem.


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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4

[2]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition
by Jack Ballantine 
(James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.


Back to Types of Jurisdiction

Essential Terminology

Intro to U.S. Law

Legal Precepts Adopted (from Europe) into The U.S. Constitution

§ § of Law Embedded into the Constitution Pursuant to the American Revolution

Indian Country Law

Federal Rules of Procedure

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