Preliminary Injunction – a temporary injunction issued before or during trial to prevent an irreparable injury from occurring before the court has a chance to decide the case

preliminary injunction:
(1828)

1. A temporary injunction issued before or during trial to prevent an irreparable injury from occurring before the court has a chance to decide the case. A preliminary injunction will be issued only after the defendant receives notice and an opportunity to be heard. — aka
interlocutory injunction; temporary injunction; provisional injunction; injunction pendente lite.  Cf. ex parte injunction; TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER. [1]

1. An injunction granted prior to a hearing on the merits, being in no way dependent upon which hearing, its purpose being merely to preserve the status quo until the final hearing on the merits.  28 Am J Rev ed Inj § 12.
     In some jurisdictions, the term “injunction” means a preliminary, as distinguished from a final injunction, the latter being considered merely as a decree in equity.
     See temporary injunction. [2]

1. An injunctions granted prior to a full hearing on the merits.  its purpose is o preserve the status quo until the final hearing.  A preliminary injunction is also referred to as a provisional injunction or temporary injunction.
     Compare permanent injunction. [3]

References:

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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4

[2]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931

[3]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition by Jack Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.

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