Knowing what types of orders a judge is qualified to administer will aid you in applying the most effective & well-crafted motions as possible.
An order can also be an oral command by a judge used to keep order so that proceedings are followed as process demands. Orders are an essential element for administering due process for both civil and criminal proceedings. Oral commands are generally still recorded in the case minutes, which may be accessed via requesting a copy of the transcript or audio recording from the Clerk of Court.
1. A written direction or command delivered by a government official, especially a court or judge. The word generally embraces final decrees as well as interlocutory (lesser, or intermittent commands throughout the case, issued by the judge — but not necessarily the final decree) directions or commands. — aka order; judicial order. See MANDAMUS 
1. An adjudication by a court.
2. A ruling by a court with respect to a motion or any other question before it for determination during the course of a proceeding. 
order of court:
1. Broadly defined, the judgment or conclusion of a court on any motion or proceeding by which affirmative relief is granted or denied. 37 Am J1st Motions § 23.
Precisely, a direction of a court or judge made in writing and not included in a judgment. State v Lindeman, 64 ND 518, 254 NW 276, 93 ALR 1442. 
Excerpt from Henry Campbell Black’s A Treatise on the Law of Judgments:
“An order is the mandate or determination of the court
upon some subsidiary or collateral matter arising in an action, not disposing of the merits, but adjudicating a preliminary point or directing some step in the proceedings.” 
Excerpt from A.C. Freeman’s A Treatise of the Law of Judgments:
“While an order may under some circumstances amount to a judgment, they must be distinguished, owing to the different consequences flowing from them, not only in the matter of enforcement and appeal but in other respects, as, for instance, the time within which proceedings to annul them must be taken. Rulings on motions are ordinarily orders rather than judgments. The class of judgments and of decrees formerly called interlocutory is included in the definition given in [modern codes] of the word ‘order.’” 
Types of Orders:
writs – a written court order commanding the addressee to do or refrain from doing a specified act.
subpoena – command a person to appear in court, subject to a penalty for failing to comply.
show cause order – directs a party to appear in court & explain why the party took (or failed to take) some action or why the court should or should not impose some sanction or grant some relief.
peremptory mandamus – an absolute command to the defendant after they default on, or fail to show sufficient cause in answer to, an alternative mandamus.
interlocutory – a temporary order not constituting a final resolution of the whole controversy.
remittitur – an order requiring a plaintiff to choose between a new trial or lowering the damages amount below what the jury had awarded.
additur – with the defendant’s consent, increases the jury’s award of damages to avoid a new trial on grounds of inadequate damages.
“How can you change the world if you don’t even know your options?“
: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6
: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949). Edited by William S. Anderson. © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931
: 1 Henry Campbell Black, A Treatise on the Law of Judgments § 1, at 5 (2d ed. 1902).
: 1 A.C. Freeman, A Treatise of the Law of Judgments §
19, at 28 (Edward W. Tuttle ed., 5th ed. 1925).
: CG Society, “Master of the Books” by Waldemar Martkowiak: http://mancubus.cgsociety.org/art/master-books-1230407
Also see All Types of Motions
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