Subpoena – command a person to appear in court, subject to a penalty for failing to comply


n. [Latin “under penalty”] (15c) A writ or order commanding a person to appear before a court or other tribunal, subject to a penalty for failing to comply. — Also spelled subpena. Pl. subpoenas.

Subpoenas in Federal Rules:

Fed. R. Crim. P. 17

Fed. R. Civ. P. 45


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[1]: All definitions from: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6


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