1. Procedure. An objection that an opposing party has used a peremptory challenge to exclude a potential juror on the basis of race, ethnicity, or sex. * It is named for Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79, 106 S.Ct. 1712 (1986), a criminal case in which the prosecution struck potential jurors on the basis of race. The principle of Batson was extended in later Supreme Court cases to civil litigants (Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Co., 500 U.S. 614, 111 S.Ct. 2077 (1991)) and to criminal-defense attorneys (Georgia v. McCollum, 505 U.S. 42, 112 S. Ct. 2348 (1992)). The Court also applied it to peremptory challenges based on a juror’s sex (I.E.B. v. Alabama, 511 U.S. 127, 114 S. Ct. 1419 (1994)). See Fed. R. Civ. P. 47(b).
1. Criminal procedure. The doctrine that neither the prosecution nor the defense may engage in the discriminatory exercise of peremptory challenges, especially with regard to race but also with regard to religion or sex. * Under Batson v. Kentucky, the court may deny a peremptory challenge unless the court accepts a non-discriminatory explanation. 476 U.S. 79, 106 S. Ct. 1712 (1986). 
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: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4
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