Page 5 of 7 on the official form used for the “Defendant’s Answer” contains a section which addresses the counterclaim. No additional paperwork is required in the initial pleading by the defendant in order to assert the counterclaim.
[kown • ter • klame]
1. A cause of action on which a defendant in a lawsuit might have sued the plaintiff in a separate action. Such a cause of action, stated in a separate division of a defendant’s answer, is a counterclaim. See setoff. Also see cross-action; crossclaim; crosscomplaint. 
1. A claim for relief asserted against an opposing party after an original claim has been made; especially a defendant’s claim in opposition to or as a setoff against the plaintiff ’s claim. — aka counteraction; countersuit; cross-demand. — counterclaim, vb. — counterclaimant, n. 
Legal Terms pertaining to Counterclaims:
setoff (offset) – a counter demand which a defendant holds against a plaintiff, arising out of a separate transaction than the plaintiff’s cause of action, which serves to counterbalance the amount otherwise owed.
recoupment – reduction of a plaintiff’s damages because of a demand by the defendant arising out of the same transaction (as opposed to a different transaction, which is a setoff).
Types of Counterclaims:
Permissive Counterclaim – does not arise out of the same subject matter as the opposing party’s claim or involves third parties over which the court does not have jurisdiction, and may be brought in a later. separate action. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 13(b). 
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