5. Closing – final findings of law and fact are concluded; judgment:

     This page is continued from Civil Law Self-Help >>>> Civil Proceedings:

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     After evidence is heard, each side gives a closing argument.  In a jury trial, the judge will explain the law that is relevant to the case and the decisions the jury needs to make.  The jury generally is asked to determine whether the defendant is responsible for harming the plaintiff in some way, and then to determine the amount of damages that the defendant will be required to pay.  If the case is tried before a judge without a jury, known as a “bench” trial, the judge will decide these issues or order some kind of relief to the prevailing party.  In a civil case, the plaintiff must convince the jury by a “preponderance of the evidence” (i.e., that it is more likely than not) that the defendant is responsible for the harm the plaintiff has suffered. [1]

References:

Disclaimer: All material throughout this website is compiled in accordance with Fair Use.

[1]: United States Courts, “Civil Cases”: http://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/types-cases/civil-cases

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