Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition (2014)

     On the official United States Court of Federal Claims’ website’s Pro Se Information section, as well as several other federal websites recommending pro se self-help resources, Black’s Law Dictionary is listed.  Definitions of legal terms found within the Tenth Edition version of this historic dictionary are found throughout this website, which are being shown here for First Amendment purposes in order to bring pertinent information to people in such a manner so as to reduce harm and raise appreciation for rights according to their true measure and purpose — and for their protection.  All copyrighted material found throughout this website is utilized in accordance with Fair Use.  

Who is Henry Campbell Black’?

    Black grew up in New York State’s Hudson Valley region, & developed an interest in the law at a young age.  He was regarded something of a prodigy, 11publishing his first edition of Black’s Law Dictionary before his 31st birthday [1] in 1891, & the second edition in 1910. [2]

    He wasn’t a particularly noteworthy lawyer.  He received formal legal training & began to practice law after graduating from a now-defunct law school in Pennsylvania, but then grew frustrated with the demands of the profession & left his post after just five years.  He then holed himself up in his parents’ house & began compiling a comprehensive list of legal terms.

    He published over 1,000 scholarly articles that touched upon arcane legal matters as well as timely political issues.  In recognition of his achievements, he received an honorary law degree from his undergraduate alma mater (the school, college, or university that one once attended) in 1917.  Black kept returning to the legal dictionary that he had created.

     During his lifetime, he issued several revised editions of the tome.  With each successive publication, he personally oversaw the addition of thousands of new definitions & concepts.  By the time he passed on in 1927, he had earned recognition as one of the most powerful legal thinkers of his generation. [3]  Today Black’s Law Dictionary is the most widely used law dictionary in the United States; used for terms in legal briefs & court opinions.

    “Liberty, whether natural, civil, or political, is the lawful power in the individual to exercise his corresponding rights. It is greatly favored in law.

– Henry Campbell Black, Handbook of American Constitutional Law, 1895

     Wild Willpower PAC would like to formally thank the many contributors who have collectively helped to make this website available to humanity.  These “preservers of knowledge” of humanity’s history have greatly aided our comprehension of our own past while also providing access to a sturdy direction forward.  Without further adieu:

Black’s Law Dictionary
Deluxe Tenth Edition
by Henry Campbell Black

Editor in Chief:

Bryan A. Garner, President, LawProse, Inc.
Distinguished Research Professor of Law
Southern Methodist University
Dallas Texas

© 2014, Thompson Reuters
ISBN 978-0-314-62130-6

Associate Editors, LawProse, Inc.:

Karolyne H.C. Garner, J.D.
Tiger Jackson, J.D., LL.M.
Becky R. McDaniel, J.D.
Jeff Newman, J.D.

Contributing Lawyer-Editors:

Herbert J. Hammond
Dallas, Texas
Tony Honoré
Oxford, England

Brian Melendez
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Gary Muldoon
Rochester, New York

Ann Taylor Schwing
Sacramento, California

Fred Shapiro
New Haven, Connecticut

Joseph F. Spaniol Jr.
Bethesda, Maryland

Pronunciation Editor:

Charles Harrington Elster
San Diego, California

Panel of Academic Contributors:

Hans W. Baade
University of Texas

Lynn A. Baker
University of Texas

Thomas E. Baker
Florida International University

Mitchell N. Berman
University of Texas

Barbara Aronstein
Black Columbia University

Hon. Thomas Buergenthal
George Washington University

Edward H. Cooper
University of Michigan

Daniel Robert Coquillette
Boston College

David Crum
University of Houston

Ross E. Davies
George Mason University

Deborah A. DeMott
Duke University

Deborah W. Denno
Fordham University

A. Darby Dickerson
Texas Tech University

Christopher R. Drahozal
University of Kansas

James Joseph Duane
Regent University

Meredith I. Duncan
University of Houston

David G. Epstein
University of Richmond

(the late) E. Allan Farnsworth
Columbia University

Ward Farnsworth
University of Texas

Martha A. Field
Harvard University

Monroe H. Freedman
Hofstra University

Richard D. Freer
Emory University

Mark A. Geistfeld
New York University

8. Elizabeth Gibson
University of North Carolina

Antonio Gidi
University of Houston

Alex Glashausser
Washburn University

(the late) Richard I. Graving
South Texas College of Law

Alan Gunn
University of Notre Dame

Egon Guttman
American University

Geoffrey C Hazard, jr.
University of California-Hastings

R.H. Helmholz
University of Chicago

Tony Honoré
Oxford University

Heidi M. Hurd
University of Illinois

Julian C. Juergenameyer
Georgia State University

Sanford H. Kadish
University of California at Berkeley

Gideon Kanner
Loyola Law School

Joseph Kimble
Thomas M. Cooley Law School

Edward J. Kionka
Southern Illinois University

Douglas Laycock
University of Virginia

(the late) Saúl Litvinoff
Louisiana State University

John S. Lowe
Southern Methodist University

(the late) Julius J. Marke
St. John’s University

Mary Beth Matthews
University of Arkansas

Thomas William Mayo
Southern Methodist University

Lucy S. McGough
Appalachian School of Law

Joseph W. McKnight
Southern Methodist University

John K. McNulty
University of California at Berkeley

Ernest Metzger
University of Aberdeen

James E. Moliterno
Washington & Lee University

Jane Campbell Moriarty
Duquesne University

James A.R. Nafziger
Willamette University

John B. Oakley
University of California at Davis

John V. Orth
University of North Carolina

Mary F. Radford
Georgia State University

Alan N. Resnick
Hofstra University

O.F. Robinson
University of Glasgow

Hon. Jean Rosenbluth
University of Southern California

Paul Frederick Rothstein
Georgetown University

Ronald Daniel Rotunda
Chapman University

Stephen A. Saltzburg
George Washington University

Ronald J. Scalise jr.
Tulane University

Frederic S. Schwartz
Oklahoma City University

Charles Silver
University of Texas

Lawrence M. Solan
Brooklyn Law School

John G. Sprankling
Pacific McGeorge School of Law

Marc I. Steinberg
Southern Methodist University

Michael F. Sturley
University of Texas

Symeon C. Symeonides
Willamette University

Peter Meijes Tiersma
Loyola Law School

Mark V. Tushnet
Harvard University

William D. Underwood
Mercer University

David M. Walker
University of Glasgow

Robert Weisberg
Stanford Law School

Mary Whisner
University of Washington

Peter Winship
Southern Methodist University

Charles W. Wolfram
Cornell Law School

Richard C. Wydick
University of California at Davis

A.N. Yiannopoulos
Tulane University

Kyu Ho Youm
University of Oregon

Judith T. Younger
University of Minnesota

Panel of Practitioner Contributors:

Sherri K. Adelkoff
Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania

Daniel Alexander
Los Angeles, California

Suzanne Antley
San Diego, California

Leslie Karyn Arfine
Ridgefield , Connecticut

John R. Armstrong II
Irvine, California

Brad D. Bailey
Evergreen, Colorado

William P. Baker
Baltimore, Maryland

Judith M. Bambace
San Diego, California

Daniel P. Barer
Los Angeles, California

Ben A. Baring jr.
Houston, Texas

Chad Baruch
Dallas, Texas

Isabel Barzun
New York, New York

Eric S. Basse
Bremerton, Washington

Laurie T. Baulig
Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Hugh C. Beck
Littleton, Ohio

Adron W. Beene
San Jose, California

Bill C. Berger
Denver, Colorado

Xanthe M. Berry
Oakland, California

Nathan V. Bishop
East Hills, New York

Michael R. Blum
San Francisco, California

Deborah L. Borman
Chicago, Illinois

Sara E. Bouley
Salt Lake City, Utah

Kevin I. Breer
Westwood, Kansas

Mark A. Bregman
Scottsdale, Arizona

Beth A. Brennan
Missoula, Montana

Joyce Murphy Brooks
Charlotte, North Carolina

Diana Brown
Houston, Texas

Lynne Thaxter Brown
Fresno, California

James Andrew Browne
San Francisco, California

Julie A. Bufhngton
Dallas, Texas

B. Chad Bungard
Fredericksburg. Virginia

Beverly Ray Burlingame
Dallas, Texas

Fritz Byers
Toledo, Ohio

H. Thomas Byron III
Washington, D.C.

Christopher A. Camardello
Minneapolis, Minnesota

David D. Cardone
San Diego, California

David L. Cargille
New York, New York

Robert I. Carty Ir.
Houston, Texas

Thomas L. Casey
Lansing, Michigan

Bradley Charles
Grand Rapids, Michigan

Li Chen
Dallas, Texas

Jordan B. Cherrick
St. Louis, Missouri

Peter Clapp
Richmond, California

Kristina A. Clark
Washington, DC.

Randall B. Clark
Boston, Massachusetts

A. Craig Cleland
Atlanta, Georgia

Michael Scott Coffman
Salt Lake City, Utah

Elizabeth I. Cohen
Chicago, Illinois

Charles Dewey Cole jr.
New York, New York

Samuel Scott Cornish
New York, New York

Emily Coté
San Jose, California

Jefferson Coulter
Seattle, Washington

Jim Covington
Springfield, Illinois

Bernadette S. Curry
Fairfield, California

Jonathan A. Darcy
Philadelphia. Pennsylvania

Elaine Maier Deering
Boca Raton, Florida

A. Charles Dell’Ario
Oakland, California

C. David Dietz
St. Paul, Minnesota

Michael]. Dimlno
Washington, DC.

Richard S. Dodd II
Reston, Virginia

Francis X. Doherty
San Rafael, California

Leah Domstead
Dallas, Texas

Preston Saul Draper
Norman, Oklahoma

John C. Duncan
Norman, Oklahoma

Gerald F. Dusing
Covington, Kentucky

Steve C. Eggimann
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Daniel P. Elms
Dallas, Texas

Ann Erickson Gault
Pontiac, Michigan

Michael T. Fackler
Jacksonville, Florida

Michael E. Faden
Rockville, Maryland

John D. Faucher
Thousand Oaks, California

Bruce Ellis Fein
Washington, DC.

Janet Rosenblum Fipphen
Fairfield, Connecticut

Angela Fisher
Knoxville, Tennessee

Neil Fried
Arlington, Virginia

Elizabeth Klein Frumkin
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Mark W. Gaffney
Pelham Manor, New York

Duane H. Gall
Denver, Colorado

Nicole S. Gambrell
Dallas, Texas

Baldemar Garcia jr.
Laredo, Texas

Kathryn Gardner
Topeka, Kansas

Caroline B. Garner
New York, New York

Anne W. Gill
Castle Rock, Colorado

Alexander C.D. Giza
Culver City, California

Kevin W. Grierson
Norfolk, Virginia

Ellen B. Gwynn
Tallahassee, Florida

Matthew C. Hans
St. Louis, Missouri

Yaakov Har-Oz Beit
Shemesh, Israel

William H. Hart
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Molly Hatchell
Austin, Texas

Scott M. Heenan
Cincinnati, Ohio

Marie Hejl
Austin, Texas

Susan Hoffman
San Luis Obispo, California

Jeffrey A. Hogge
Elk Grove, California

Brian John Hooper
Arlington, Virginia

Henry W. Huffnagle
Washington, DC.

Hon. Lynn N. Hughes
Houston, Texas

Roger N. Hughes
Virginia Beach, Virginia

Maryanne Burnes Hutchinson
Braintree, Massachusetts

Amy B. Ikerd
Goldwater, Ohio

Peter O. Israel
Los Angeles, California

Dianne L. Izzo
Austin, Texas

Matthew A. Jacober
St. Louis, Missouri

Robert A. James
San Francisco, California

Eric K. Johnson
Murray, Utah

David R. Johnstone
Washington, DC.

Richard B. Katskee
Washington, DC.

Stuart B. Katz
Chappaqua, New York

Paul D. Keeper
Austin, Texas

lene Azevedo Kelly
Oakhurst, California

Dennis Kelly
Fort Worth, Texas

Paul Kiernan
Washington, DC.

Clark D. Kimball
Rochester; New York

James A. King
Columbus, Ohio

Andrew D. Klein
Cherry Hill, New Jersey

Melissa Lin Klemens
Washington, DC.

William M. Klimon
Washington, DC.

Heléna Klumpp
Deerfield, Illinois

Jonathan H. Koenig
Wauwatosa, Wisconsin

Thomas J. Koffer
New York, New York

Christina M. Kotowski
San Francisco, California

Mike Kueber
San Antonio, Texas

N anda P.B.A. Kumar
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Robert J. Lall
Cleveland, Ohio

Hon. Harriet Lansing
St. Paul, Minnesota

Geoffrey Larson
Minneapolis, Minnesota

James Hays Lawson
Louisville, Kentucky

Hon. Steve Leben
Topeka, Kansas

James V. Leito
Dallas, Texas

Janet Li
Foster City, California

Dryden I. Liddle
Alameda, California

Raymond J. Liddy
San Diego, California

Jacob R. Lines
Tucson, Arizona

Morris D. Linton
Salt Lake City, Utah

David W. Lon
Washington, D.C.

Thomas G. Lovett IV
Minneapolis. Minnesota

Margaret I. Lyle
Dallas, Texas

David P. Lone
Chicago, Illinois

Robert N. Markle
Fairfax, Virginia

Anthony J. Marks
Los Angeles, California

Catherine M. Masters
Chicago, Illinois

Jeffrey Matloff
Bellevue, Washington

Michael I. Mauro
Stamford, Connecticut

Olga I. May
San Diego, California

Jeffrey T. McPherson
St. Louis, Missouri

John W. McReynolds
Dallas, Texas

Edward R. Mevec
Buchanan, New York

Andrew E. Miller
Los Angeles, California

Matthew C. Miller
Kansas City, Missouri

Daphna H. Mitchell
New York, New York

Michael S. Mitchell
New Orleans, Louisiana

Andrew W. Moeller
Amherst, New York

Thomas I. Moses
San Francisco, California

R. Eric Nielsen
Bethesda, Maryland

Siobhan Nurre
San Jose, California

Consuelo Marie Ohanesian
Phoenix, Arizona

Erin I. O’Leary
Orlando, Florida

Kymberly K. Oltrogge
Drippings Springs, Texas

William S. Osborn
Dallas, Texas

James C. Owens
Washington, D. C.

Christine C. Pagano
Oakland, California

Paul I. Perlman
Buffalo, New York

Arthur R. Petrle II
Newport Beach. California

Rebecca B. Phalen
Atlanta. Georgia

David Pickle
Washington, DC.

Mark D. Plaisance
Baker, Louisiana

Matthew Eliot Pollack
Topsham, Maine

Jeffrey D. Polsky
San Francisco, California

Sam I. Polverino
San Jose, California

Christina E. Ponig
Houston, Texas

Steve Putman
Houston, Texas

Robert M. Redis
White Plains, New York

James M. Reiland
Chicago, Illinois

Tracy L. Reilly
Dallas, Texas

David E. Robbins
Broomall, Pennsylvania

Armando Rodriguez-Feo
Washington, DC.

Susan L. Ronn Kohimarama
Auckland, New Zealand

Joseph E. Root
Montara, California

Hon. Janice M. Rosa
Erie County, New York

Glenn F. Rosenblum
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Joseph M. Russell
Chicago, Illinois

James B. Ryan
San Diego, California

Patrick M. Ryan
San Francisco, California

James F. Schaller II
Toledo, Ohio

Edward Schiffer
San Francisco, California

David W. Schultz
Houston, Texas

Herbert R. Schulze
Truckee, California

Benjamin G. Shatz
Los Angeles, California

Denise Wimbiscus
Shepherd Solon, Ohio

Richard A. Sherburne Jr.
Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Anne M. Sherry
Riverswood, Illinois

Jordan M. Sickman
Southneld, Michigan

Marshall Simmons
Dallas, Texas

Fred A. Simpson
Houston, Texas

Adam Snyder
Wadsworth, Illinois

Randall I. Snyder
Bismarck, North Dakota

William C. Spence
Chicago, Illinois

Scott A. Stengel
Washington, DC.

Heather B. Stern
Los Angeles, California

Scott Patrick Stolley
Dallas, Texas

Victor R. Stull
Redlands, California

Michelle Dimond Szambelan
Spokane, Washington

Tony Tanke
Davis, California

Craig D. Tindall
Phoenix, Arizona

Nick Tishler
Niskayuna, New York

Peter J. Toren
New York, New York

Renée Maria Tremblay
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Craig I. Trocino
Fort Lauderdale, Florida

R. Collins Vallée
Mandeville. Louisiana

Arthur A. Vingiello
Baton Rouge, Louisiana

M. Bruce Volbeda
Seattle, Washington

Mani S. Walia
Houston. Texas

Kristin P. Walinski
Richmond, Virginia

Richard S. Walinski
Toledo, Ohio

Alison Wallis
Harvey, Louisiana

Mark R. Wasem
Dallas, Texas

Christine E. Watchorn
Columbus, Ohio

M. John Way
Tumwater, Washington

Philip Weltner II
Atlanta, Georgia

Garner K. Weng
San Francisco, California

Eric R. Werner
Fort Worth, Texas

Donald C. Wheaten jr.
St. Clair Shores, Michigan

Carla L. Wheeler
Chevy Chase, Maryland

Daniel R. White
Los Angeles, California

Malcolm E. Whittaker
Houston, Texas

Jamison Wilcox
Hamden, Connecticut

Hon. Bruce Donald Willis
Plymouth, Minnesota

Conrad R. Wolan
Elmira, New York

Craig M. Wolff
Yarmouth, Maine

Sara T.S. Wolff
Yarmouth, Maine

Albert I. Wollerrnan
Tallahassee, Florida

William C. Wright
West Palm Beach, Florida

STAFF COUNSEL

Heather C. Haines
LawProse, Inc.
Dallas, Texas

STAFF PARALEGAL STAFF EDITOR STAFF PARALEGAL

Ryden McComas Anderson
LawProse, Inc.
Dallas, Texas

Hayden English
LawProse, Inc.
Dallas, Texas

Ashley E. Stroope
LawProse, Inc.
Dallas, Texas

GARNER LAW SCHOLARS — SMU SCHOOL OF LAW

Christina Gigliotti
Dallas, Texas

Ryan P. Graney
Dallas, Texas

Timothy D. Martin
The Colony, Texas

Barry A. McCain
Dallas, Texas

Arrissa K. Meyer
Dallas, Texas

Charles S. North
Dallas, Texas

Seth C. Rasmussen
Richardson, Texas

Jonathan Michael Thomas
Dallas, Texas

Peter R. Thompson
Dallas, Texas

Laurie M. Velasco
Dallas, Texas

References:

[1]:  Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd Edition Online, “Who Is Henry Campbell Black?”: http://thelawdictionary.org/article/who-was-henry-campbell-black/

[2]: Online Computer Library Center, 33831602:https://www.worldcat.org/title/law-dictionarycontaining-definitions-of-the-terms-and-phrases-of-american-and-english-jurisprudence-ancient-and-modern-and-including-the-principal-terms-of-international-constitutional-ecclesiastical-and-commercial-law-and-medical-jurisprudence-with-a-collection-of-legal-maxims-numerous-select-titles-from-the-roman-modern-civil-scotch-french-spanish-and-mexican-law-and-other-foreign-systems-and-a-table-of-abbreviations/oclc/33831602

[3]: Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd Edition Online, “Who Is Henry Campbell Black?”: http://thelawdictionary.org/article/who-was-henry-campbell-black/

**************************************

Back to Law Dictionaries Utilized to Help Build This Website

Intro to Law

Like this website?

Please Support Our Fundraiser

or donate via PayPal:

Notice: Wild Willpower does not condone the actions of Maximilian Robespierre, however the above quote is excellent!

This website is being broadcast for First Amendment purposes courtesy of

Questions?  Suggestion(s) for improvement?  Want to offer financial support?  Email Distance@WildWillpower.org.  We look forward to hearing from you!

Learn the System