Legal Term Definitions for Litigants on the Offense:

Plaintiff – a party who brings a civil suit in a court of law.

Complainant – a person who files a formal accusation of a crime or a plaintiff in a civil suit (court of equity).

Petitioner – a party who presents a petition to a court or other official body, especially when seeking relief.

Appellant – a party who appeals a lower court’s decision, usually seeking reversal of that decision.

References:

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     All short descriptions of legal terms found throughout this page were compiled using

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Back to Various Types of Parties

Essential Terminology

Intro to U.S. Law

Legal Precepts Adopted (from Europe) into The U.S. Constitution

§ § of Law Embedded into the Constitution Pursuant to the American Revolution

Indian Country Law

Federal Rules of Procedure

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