Technical Terms for Various Types of Litigants on the Offense:

     This page is continued from “Person” – Litigation Terms >>>> Litigant:

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plaintiff – a party who brings a civil suit in a court of law.

complainant – a person who files a formal accusation of a crime or a plaintiff in a civil suit (court of equity).

petitioner – a party who presents a petition to a court or other official body, especially when seeking relief.

prosecutor – an attorney who represents the state or federal government in criminal prosecution, or a private person who carries on a criminal or civil action. — aka public (or private, depending) prosecutor; state’s attorney; public commissioner.

appellant – a party who appeals a lower court’s decision, usually seeking reversal of that decision.

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