This page is continued from Court Proceedings >>>> Court Rulings, Orders, Decrees, Judgments, and Opinions:
1. The outcome of a court’s decision either on some point of law or on the case as a whole. — aka legal ruling. Cf. JUDGMENT (2); OPINION (1). 
1. A determination made by the court during the course of a trial, for example, a determination of the admissibility of particular evidence. State v O’Brien, 18 Mont1, 43 P 1091. In some connections, the final decision in a case. 
1. A determination made by a judge or a hearing officer during the course of a trial or hearing. EXAMPLE: a determination with respect to the admissibility of particular evidence.
2. The final decision in a case, whether by a court or an administrative agency of a statute or regulation. EXAMPLE: a determination letter. 
Excerpt from Robert E. Keeton’s Judging (1990):
“A distinction is sometimes made between rules and rulings. Whether or not a formal distinction is declared, in common usage ‘legal ruling’ (or simply ‘ruling’) is a term ordinarily used to signify the outcome of applying a legal test when that outcome is one of relatively narrow impact. The immediate effect is to decide an issue in a single case. This meaning contrasts, for example, with the usual meaning of ‘legal rule’ (or simply ‘rule’). The term ‘rule’ ordinarily refers to a legal proposition of general application. A ‘ruling’ may have force as precedent, but ordinarily it has that force because the conclusion it expresses (for example, ‘objection sustained’) explicitly depends upon and implicitly reiterates a ‘rule’ -a legal proposition of more general application . . . .” 
Disclaimer: All material throughout this website is compiled in accordance with Fair Use.
: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6
: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949). Edited by William S. Anderson. © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931
: Robert E. Keeton, Judging 67-68 (1990).
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