Model Penal Code – a proposed criminal code prepared jointly by the Commission on Uniform State Laws and the American Law Institute, used as the basis for criminal-law revision by many states

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Model Penal Code:

1. A criminal code drafted and proposed by the American Law Institute, adopted in 1972, and used as the basis for criminal-law revision by many states. — Abbr. MPC. [1]

1. A proposed criminal code prepared jointly by the Commission on Uniform State Laws and the American Law Institute. [2]

     Excerpt from Sanford H. Kadish’s Codifies for the Criminal Law: Wechsler’s Predecessors, 78 Colum. L. Rev. 1098, 1144 (1978):

     “The [Model Penal] Code stimulated a movement for legislative criminal law reform of unprecedented scope.  The latest Annual report of the American Law Institute reveals that over thirty states have adopted revised criminal codes since the Model Penal Code started reporting its drafts; six states and Congress have revisions completed awaiting enactment, and three states have revisions under way.  In very few instances has any jurisdiction adopted the Code substantially whole.  But in virtually no case has the revision escaped the impact of the Code’s formulations.  As a result the Model Penal Code has by now permeated and transformed the criminal law of the country. [3]

References:

Disclaimer: All material throughout this website is compiled in accordance with Fair Use.

[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6

[2]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition
by Jack Ballantine 
(James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.

[3]: Sanford H. Kadish’s Codifies for the Criminal Law: Wechsler’s Predecessors, 78 Colum. L. Rev. 1098, 1144 (1978).

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