Bench Trial – a trial before a judge; a “nonjury” or “juryless” trial

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1. A court; the judges of a court; the seat upon which the judges of a court are accustomed to sit while the court is in session; all the judges and justices of a state or subdivision, as in a reference to “bench and bar.” [1]

bench trial:

1. A trial before a judge without a jury.  *  The judge decides questions of fact as well as questions of law. — aka trial to the bench; nonjury trial; court trial; trial before the court (TBC); judge trial. [1]

adj. (1808)

1. (Of a court or proceeding) having no jury. [2]


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[1]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition
 by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931

[2]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4


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