natural possession – physical detention or control over a thing, as by occupying a building or cultivating farmland, with or without intent to keep it permanently

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natural possession:

1. Civil law. The exercise of physical detention or control over a thing, as by occupying a building or cultivating farmland.  Natural possession may be had without title, and may give rise to a claim of unlawful possession or a claim of ownership by acquisitive prescription. — aka possessio naturalis. [1]

1. See possessio naturalis. [2]

possessio naturalis[Latin ‘natural possession’] (1838) Roman law. The simple holding of a thing, often under a contract, with no intent of keeping it permanently.  This type of possession exists when the possessor’s holding of the object is limited by a recognition of another person’s outstanding right.  The holder may be usufructuary, a bailee, or a servant. — aka naturalis possessio; nuda detentio; detentio; possession in factCf. Possessio civilis. [1]

1.  (Roman law.) Natural possession.  Every other kind of possession not qualified for usucapion, whether mere detention or juridical possession, in contradistinction to civilis possessio,was termed naturalis possessio.  See Mackeldy’s Roman Law § 241. [2]

Related Terms:

usufruct – the right to the use, enjoyment, or profits of another’s property without damaging it. — aka perfect usufruct; usufructus; ususfructus; (in Scots law) liferent.


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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4

[2]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations Third Edition by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931

[3]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition
by Jack Ballantine 
(James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.


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