Embracery (tampering) – the crime of attempting to corrupt, influence, instruct, or induce a judge or jury other than by evidence or arguments in open court (i.e. threats, bribes); “jury-tampering”

tampering with jury:

1. Contracting a member or members of a jury for the purpose of influencing their actions as jurors, sometimes including bribery or corruption.  39 Am J1st New Tr § 105. [1]

jury tampering:

1. See tampering.

n. (17c)

1. Altering; meddling; making uninvited changes.  The word does not necessarily imply criminal conduct.  However, tampering with evidence (altering evidence), tampering with a jury (attempting to influence jurors other than through evidence admitted in a court of law), tampering with a witness (attempting to influence a witness’s testimony), or tampering with consumer products (adulteration of food, medicine, etc.) are examples of criminal tampering. [2]

1. The act of altering a thing, especially the act of illegally altering a document or product, such as written evidence or a consumer good.  See Model Penal Code §§ 224.4, 241.8; USCA § 1365.

2. The act or an instance of engaging in improper or underhanded dealings, especially in an attempt to influence.  *  Tampering with a witness or jury is a criminal offense. [3]


1. The crime of attempting to corrupt, influence, instruct, or induce a jury in any way, except by the evidence an the arguments of counsel in open court, to be more favorable to one side of a case than the other.  26 Am J2d Embr § 1. [1]
     See obstructing justice. [2]

1. The attempt to corrupt or wrongfully influence a judge or juror, especially by threats or bribery. — also spelled imbracery. — aka jury-tampering; laboring a jury.[3]

     Excerpt from Rollin M. Perkins & Ronald N. Boyce’s Criminal Law (3d. ed. 1982):

     “The word “embracery”… has tended to disappear.  It is included in some fo the codes but the tendency has been to divide this common-law offense into two parts, placing that which is appropriate thereto in sections on bribery and the remainder in provisions dealing with obstruction of justice. [4]

2. The procuring for oneself or another a place on a jury, with the purpose of affecting the outcome. [3]


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[1]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary with Pronunciations
Third Edition
 by James A. Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Edited by William S. Anderson.  © 1969 by THE LAWYER’S CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY.  Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 68-30931

[2]: Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition by Jack Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.

[3]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4

[4]: Rollin M. Perkins & Ronald N. Boyce, Criminal Law 552 (3d. ed. 1982)


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