personal jurisdiction – a court’s power to bring a person into its adjudicative process; jurisdiction over a defendant’s personal rights rather than merely over property interests

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personal jurisdiction:

1. A court’s power to bring a person into its adjudicative process; jurisdiction over a defendant’s personal rights, rather than merely over property interests. — aka in personam jurisdiction; jurisdiction in personam; jurisdiction of the person; jurisdiction over the person; jurisdiction ratione personae.  See IN PERSONAM. 

Cf. in rem jurisdiction;  general personal jurisdiction; specific personal jurisdiction. [1]

jurisdiction in personam:

1. The jurisdiction a court has over the person of a defendant. It is acquired by service of process upon the defendant or by her voluntary submission to jurisdiction. Voluntary submission may be implied from a defendant’s conduct within the jurisdiction, for EXAMPLE, by doing business in a state or by operating a motor vehicle within a state (see implied consent statutes).  Jurisdiction in personam is also referred to as personal jurisdiction. 

See and compare jurisdiction in rem; jurisdiction quasi n rem.  See in personam; in personam action; judgment in personam. [2]


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[1]: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6

[2]:  Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition
by Jack Ballantine 
(James Arthur 1871-1949).  Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning.  ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.


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