i. All About Jury Trials – in chronological order, of course.
ii. Every Type of Court Order – categorized, like we do.
iii. All Types of Pleadings – formal documents setting forth or responding to allegations, claims, denials, or defenses.
iv. Every Type of Motion – request a the judge to issue a specific Court Order.
v. Every Form of Objection – oppose something that has occurred or is about to occur: seek the judge’s immediate ruling on the point.
Definitions to be integrated throughout this site still:
1. Of, relating to, or involving law generally; falling within the province of law <pro bono legal services>.
2. Established, required, or permitted by law; LAWFUL <it is legal to carry a concealed handgun in some states>.
3. Of, relating to, or involving law as opposed to equity.
1. Any act not condemned as illegal. * For example, a surgeon’s incision is a legal act, while stabbing is an illegal one.
2. An action or undertaking that creates a legally recognized obligation; an act that binds a person in some way. 
Excerpt from Thomas E. Holland’s The Elements of Jurisprudence (13th ed. 1924):
“A lunatic, though capable of holding property, was in Roman law incapable of any legal act.” 
l. The regime that orders human activities and relations through systematic application of the force of politically organized society, or through social pressure, backed by force, in such a society; the legal system <respect and obey the law>.
2. The aggregate of legislation, judicial precedents, and accepted legal principles; the body of authoritative grounds of judicial and administrative action; especially, the body of rules, standards, and principles that the courts of a particular jurisdiction apply in deciding controversies brought before them <the law of the land>.
3. The set of rules or principles dealing with a specific area of a legal system <copyright law>.
4. The judicial and administrative process; legal action and proceedings <when settlement negotiations failed, they submitted their dispute to the law>.
5. A statute <Congress passed a law>. — Abbr. L.
6. COMMON LAW <law but not equity>.
7. The legal profession <she spent her entire career in law>.
Excerpt from Roscoe Pound’s “More About the Nature of Law,” in Legal Essays in Tribute to Orrin Kip McMurray (Max Radin & Alexander M. Kidd eds., 1935):
“Some twenty years ago I pointed out two ideas running through definitions of law: one an imperative idea, an idea of a rule laid down by the lawmaking organ of a politically organized society, deriving its force from the authority of the sovereign; and the other a rational or ethical idea, an idea of a rule of right and justice deriving its authority from its intrinsic reasonableness or conformity to ideals of right and merely recognized, not made, by the sovereign.“ 
Excerpt from Tony Honoré’s Making Law Bind: Essays Legal and Philosophical (1987):
“All law is the law of a group of individuals or of groups made up of individuals. No one can make a law purely for himself. He may form a resolution, frame an ambition, or adopt a rule, but these are private prescriptions, not laws.” 
Excerpt from Richard A. Posner’s The Problems of Jurisprudence (1990):
“It will help to distinguish three senses of the word ‘law.’ The first is law as a distinctive social institution; that is the sense invoked when we ask whether primitive law is really law. The second is law as a collection of sets of propositions -the sets we refer to as antitrust law, the law of torts, the Statute of Frauds, and so on. The third is law as a source of rights, duties, and powers, as in the sentence ‘The law forbids the murdering heir to inherit.” 
1. A group of people regarded in a political (rather than private) sense and organized under a common governmental authority. 
Types of Body Politic:
State – a system of relations by which jurisdiction and authority are devised and maintained by a community of politically organized people aiming to secure the prevalence of justice via self-imposed law.
State Law has Two Parts:
Excerpt from Edwin E. Bryant’s The Law of Pleading Under the Codes of Civil Procedure (2d ed. 1899):
“The body of law in a State consists of two parts, substantive and adjective law. The former prescribes those rules of civil conduct which declare the rights and duties of all who are subject to the law. The latter relates to the remedial agencies and procedure by which rights are maintained their invasion redressed, and the methods by which such results are accomplished in judicial tribunals.” 
Adjective Law – the body of rules governing procedure and practice (“procedural law”).
Substantive Law – creates, defines, and regulates the rights, duties, and powers of parties.
canon law. See CANON LAW.
b caselaw. See CASELAW.
> civil law. See CIVIL LAW.
> common law. See COMMON LAW.
r consuetudinary law (kon-swa-t[y]oo-da-ner-ee). [fr. Latin consuetudo “custom”] (18c) Hist. Ancient customary law that is based on an oral tradition. See CUSTOMARY LAW.
Excerpt from James Muirhead’s Historical Introduction to the Private Law of Rome (Henry Goudy ed., 1899):
“Great as may be the difficulty experienced by philosophical jurists in defining the ground of the authority of consuetudinary law, there is no room to dispute the importance of its contributions to every system of jurisprudence, ancient or modern. The men who first drew, accepted, and endorsed a bill of exchange did as much for the law as any lawgiver has ever accomplished. They may or may not have acted on the advice of jurists; but, whether or not, they began a practice which grew into custom, and as such was recognized by the tribunals as a law-creating one, one conferring rights and imposing obligations. There is much of this far more probably than is commonly imagined in the history of every system of law.” 
p conventional law. See CONVENTIONAL LAW.
> customary law. See CUSTOMARY LAW. > divine law. See DIVINE LAW.
v elementary law. See ELEMENTARY LAW.
> enacted law. Law that has its source in legislation; WRITTEN LAW.
federal law. See FEDERAL LAW
fundamental law. See FUNDAMENTAL LAW.
” general law. (16C) 1. Law that is neither local nor confined in application to particular persons. * Even if there is only one person or entity to which a given law applies when enacted, it is general law if it purports to apply to all persons or places of a specified class throughout the jurisdiction. «Also termed general statute; law of a general nature. Cf. special law. 2. A statute that relates to a subject of a broad nature.
imperative law. (17c) A rule in the form of a command, a rule of action imposed on people by some authority that enforces obedience.
“Strictly speaking, it is not possible to say that imperative law is a command in the ordinary sense at the word A ‘command’ in the ordinary meanin of the word is an expression of a wish by a person or bo y as to the cond irt of another person, communicated to that other person. But (1) in the case of the law there is no determinate pom;
Who as a matter of psychological fact commands all it, law. We are all born into a community in which law a ready exists, and at no time in our lives do any of us command the whole law. The most that we do is to play our part in enforcing or altering particular portions of it. 2) ignorance of the law is no excuse; thus a rule of law is in in evnn though not communicated to the subject of the law.’ John Salmond, Jurisprudence 21 n.(c) (Glanvilie L. Williams 2d,, 10th ed. 1947).
> imperfect law. Law that is neither imperative nor arising from a definite text, examples being customary law and early international law. Cf. perfect law.
> internal law. 1. Law that regulates the domestic affairs Of a country. Cf. INTERNATIONAL LAW. 2. LOCAL LAw (3),
> local law. See LOCAL LAW. > moral law. See MORAL LAW.
> municipal law. See MUNICIPAL LAW. b natural law. See NATURAL LAW.
b partial law. (16c) A statute designed (usu. intentionally) to affect the rights Of only one particular person or only certain classes of people, rather than all people.
> perfect law. Law that is imperative and deiinite, such as the positive law within a jurisdiction. Cf. imperfect law.
b permanent law. (17c) A statute that continues in force for an indeiinite time.
> positive law. See POSITIVE LAW. > procedural law. See PROCEDURAL LAW.
> prospective law. See prospective statute under STATUTE. , public law. See PUBLIC LAW.
> special law. (16c) A statute that pertains to and affects a particular case, person, place, or thing, as opposed to the general public. –Also termed special act; private law. Cf. general law (1); private bill under BILL (3).
> sumptuary law. See SUMPTUARY LAW.
r tacit law. Law that derives its authority from the peeple’s consent, without a positive enactment.
> unenacted law. (1882) Law that does not have its source in legislation. See unwritten law.
r unwritten law. (16c) A rule, custom, or practice that has not been enacted in the form of a statute or ordinance. 0 The term traditionally includes caselaw. Hence there certainly is a written memorial Of the “unwritten law.” The phrase simply denotes that this law does not originate in a writing such as a statute. — aka jus non scriptum; jus ex non scripto; lex non scripta; ju.moribus constitutum; unenacted law. See CASELAW. Cf. written law.
‘ijhe very words of the court promulgating the opinio and making the decision do not determine absolutely th rule of law but . . . the rule of law is ascertained by dis covering what general proposition was essential to ti1 remit reached, and by using the words of the opinion as
imperative law. (17c) A rule in the form of a command; a rule of action imposed on people by some authority
that enforces obedience.
“Strictly speaking, it is not possible to say that impera
tive law is a command in the ordinary sense of the word. A ‘command’ in the ordinary meaning of the word is an expression of a wish by a person or body as to the condJct of another person, communicated to that other person. 8 n (1) in the case of the law there is no determinate person who as a matter of psychological fact commands a l the law. We are all born into a community in which law a ready exists, and at no time in our lives do any of us commard the whole law. The most that we do is to play our part in enforcing or altering particular portions of it. 2) Ignorance of the law is no excuse; thus a rule of law is indin even though not communicated to the subject of the law.’ John Salmond, Jurisprudence 21 n.(c) (Glanville L. Williams ed., 10th ed. 1947).
> imperfect law. Law that is neither imperative nor arising from a definite text, examples being customary law and early International law. Cf. perfect law.
> internal law. 1. Law that regulates the domestic affairs of a country. Cf. INTERNATIONAL LAW. 2. LOCAL LAW (3).
> local law. See LOCAL LAW.
> moral law. See MORAL LAW.
> municipal law. See MUNICIPAL LAW. > natural law. See NATURAL LAW.
b partial law. (16c) A statute designed (usu. intentionally) to affect the rights of only one particular person or only certain classes of people, rather than all people.
> perfect law. Law that is imperative and definite, such as the positive law Within a jurisdiction. Cf. imperfect law.
> permanent law. (17c) A statute that continues in force for an indefinite time.
, positive law. See POSITIVE LAW. > procedural law. See PROCEDURAL LAW. > prospective law. See prospective statute under STATUTE.
> public law. See PUBLIC LAW.
> special law. (16c) A statute that pertains to and affects a particular case, person, place, or thing, as opposed to the general public. — aka special act; private law. Cf. general law (1); private bill under BILL (3).
> sumptuary law. See SUMPTUARY LAW.
> tacit law. Law that derives its authority from the people’s consent, without a positive enactment.
> unenacted law. (1882) Law that does not have its source in legislation. See unwritten law.
> unwritten law. (16c) A rule, custom, or practice that has not been enacted in the form of a Statute or ordinance. 0 The term traditionally includes caselaw. Hence there certainly is a written memorial of the “unwritten law.” The phrase simply denotes that this law does not originate in a writing such as a statute. -Also termed jus non scriptum; jus ex non scripto; lex non scripta; jus moribus constitutum; unenacted law. See CASELAw. Cf. written law.
“[T]he very words of the court promulgating the opinion and making the decision do not determine absolutely the rule of law but . . . the rule of law is ascertained by discovering what general proposition was essential to the result reached, and by using the words of the opinion as a
mere aid in the ascertaining of that rule, so that, although opinions are written, the authoritative rules derived from them are sometimes not written, but are ascertained by the use of reason, causing case law to be classed as unwritten law lex non scripta, to use the Latin phrase.” William m. Lile et al., Brief Making and the Use of Law Books 335 (Roger W. Cooley & Charles Lesley Ames eds., 3d ed. 1914).
“in the common law it is not too much to say that the judges are always ready to look behind the words of a precedent to what the previous court was trying to say, or to what it would have said if it could have foreseen the nature of the cases that were later to arise, or if its perception of the relevant factors in the case before it had been more acute. There is, then, a real sense in which the written words of the reported decisions are merely the gateway to something lying behind them that may be called, without any excess of poetic license, ‘unwritten law.’” Lon L. Fuller, Anatomy of the Law 145 (1968).
,written law. (16c) Statutory law, together with consti’ tutions and treaties, as opposed to judge-made law. ~ Also termed jas scriptum; lex scripta. Cf. unwritten law.
Webiding, adj. (1839) Respectful of and obedient to the law; observant of the law. -law-abidingness, n.
W agent. Scots law. See SOLICITOR (4).
law and economics. (often cap.) (1979) 1. A discipline adv0v eating the economic analysis of the law, whereby legal rules are subjected to a cost-benefit analysis to determine whether a change from one legal rule to another will increase or decrease allocative efficiency and social wealth. 0 Originally developed as an approach to antitrust policy, law and economics is today used by its proponents to explain and interpret a variety of legal subjects. 2. The field or movement in which scholars devote themselves
to this discipline. 3. The body of work produced by these scholars.
law and literature. (often cap.) (1789) 1. Traditionally, the study of how lawyers and legal institutions are depicted in literature; esp., the examination of law-related fiction as sociological evidence of how a given culture, at a given time, views law. –Also termed law in literature. 2. More modernly, the application of literary theory to legal texts, focusing esp. on lawyers’ rhetoric, logic, and style, as well as legal syntax and semantics. -Also termed law as literature. 3. The field or movement in which scholars devote themselves to this study or application. 4. The body of work produced by these scholars.
law arbitrary. A law not found in the nature of things, but imposed by the legislature’s mere will; a bill not immutable.
law as integrity. An interpretive method that calls on judges to read legal texts according to the principles that, in the judges’ eyes, portray them in their best moral light. Sec Scott I. Shapiro, Legality 304 (2011).
law as literature. See LAW AND LITERATURE (2). law between states. See INTERNATIONAL LAw.
law-binding, n. (18c) A style of tan hardcover bookcovering, usually calf or sheep, traditionally used for lawbooks. -Also termed law-cam
hubook. 16c) A book. usually a technical one, about the law;
cap a primary legal text such as a statute book or book rts caselaw. -Also written law book.
f. 12c A violation of the law; an infrac~ misdeed.
lawbreaker, n. (15c) Someone who violates or has violated the law; someone who does something illegal.
lawburrows (law-bar-ohz). (15c) Scots law. 1. An action requiring security for the peaceable behavior of a party. 2. Security obtained by a party apprehensive of danger to safeguard the peace; specif., a writ in the name of the sovereign commanding a person to give security against committing violence on another.
; law-calf. See LAW-BINDING. law clerk. 1. See CLERK (4). 2. See PARALEGAL (2).
law commission. (often cap.) An oilicial or quasi-official body of people formed to propose legal reforms intended to improve the administration of justice. 0 Such a bod is often charged with the task of reviewing the law wit
an eye toward systematic development and reform, esp. through codification.
law court. 1. See COURT (1). 2. See COURT (2). -Also written law-court.
law court of appeals. Hist. An appellate tribunal, formerly
existing in South Carolina, for hearing appeals from the courts of law.
law-craft, 11. (16c) The practice of law.
“This quest for ever-broader empirical understanding must, of course, be kept under reasonable control in practical law-craft, lest it delay necessary decisions in a continually expanding and pointlessly expensive fact-finding spiral.” Bruce A. Ackerman, Reconstructing American Law 30 (1984).
law day. (13c) l. Archaic. The yearly or twice-yearly meeting of one of the early common~law courts. 2. Archaic. The day appointed for a debtor to discharge a mortgage or else forfeit the property to the lender. 3. (cap) A day on which American schools, public assemblies, and courts draw attention to the importance of law in modern society. 0 Since 1958, the ABA has sponsored Law Day on May 1 of each year.
law degree. See JURIS DOCTOR.
law department. (1849) A branch of a corporation, government agency, university, or the like charged with handling the entity’s legal affairs.
law enforcement. (1895) 1. The detection and punishment of violations of the law. 0 This term is not limited to the enforcement of criminal laws. For example, the Freedom of Information Act contains an exemption from disclosure for information compiled for law enforcement purposes and furnished in confidence. That exemption is valid for the enforcement of a variety of noncriminal laws (such as national-security laws) as well as criminal laws. See 5 USCA § 552(b)(7). 2. CRIMINAL JUSTICE (2). 3. Police officers and other members of the executive branch of government charged with carrying out and enforcing the criminal law.
law-enforcement agent. See LAW-ENFORCEMENT OFFICER.
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. A former federal agency (part of the Department of Justice) that was responsible for administering law-enforcement grants under the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act; of 1968. 0 It has been replaced by a variety of federal L agencies, including the National Institute of Corrections and National Institute of Justice. -Abbr. LEAA.
Law Enforcement Information Network. A computerized communications system that some states use to
document driver’s-license records, automobile registrations, wanted-persons’ files, and the like. -Abbr. LEIN.
law-enforcement oflicer. (1919) A person whose duty is to enforce the laws and preserve the peace. Sometimes shortened to law opicer. –Also termed law-enforcement agent. See PEACE OFFICER; SHERIFF.
law-enforcement system. See CRIMINAL-JUSTICE SYSTEM.
Historical Legal Dialects:
Law French – the corrupted form of the Norman French language that arose in England in the centuries after William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066, being used for centuries afterward.
Law Latin – corrupted form of Latin (mixed with French and English) used in law and legal documents, including writs, royal charters, and private deeds.
lawful, adj. (13c) Not contrary to law; permitted or recognized by law <the police oiiicer conducted a lawful search of the premises>. See LEGAL. -lawfulness, n.
lawful admission. (1899) Immigration. Legal entry into the country, including under a valid immigrant visa. * Lawful admission is one of the requirements for an immigrant to receive a naturalization order and certificate. s USCA §§ 1101(a)(20), 1427(a)(1), 1429.
lawful age. (16c) 1. See age of capacity under AGE. 2. ‘ite 033 of majority (1) under AGE.
lawful arrest. See ARREST (2).
lawful authorities. (16c) Those persons (such as the poiIce) with the right to exercise public power, to require obedience to their lawful commands, and to command or act in the public name.
lawful cause. See good cause under CAUSE (2). lawful condition. See CONDITION (2).
lawful correction. The appropriate and moderate discipline of a child for misbehavior. * Factors in determining whether correction is lawful or excessive include the child’s age, sex, condition, and disposition, as well as the surrounding circumstances.
lawful deed. See good deed under DEED.
lawful dependent. See DEPENDENT (1).
lawful discrimination. See DISCRIMINATION (3). lawful entry. See ENTRY (1).
lawful excuse. See EXCUSE (2).
lawful fence. (17c) A strong, substantial, and well-suited barrier that is sufficient to prevent animals from escaping property and to protect the property from trespassers. — aka legal fence; good and lawful fence. Cf. SPITE FENCE.
lawful goods. (16c) Property that one may legally hold, sell, or export; property that is not contraband.
lawful heir. See HEIR (1).
lawful issue. See ISSUE (3). lawful justification. See JUSTIFICATION (2).
lawful man. See LEGALIS HOMO.
lawful money. See MONEY.
lawful noncitizen. See NONCITIZEN.
lawful-orders defense. See NUREMBERG DEFENSE (2).
lawful process. See legal process under PROCESS.
lawful representative. See REPRESENTATIVE (1).
lawgiver. (14c) l. A legislator, esp. one who promulgates an entire code of laws. 2. A judge with the power to interpret law. -lawgiving, adj. 8: n.
“John Chipman Gray in his The Nature and Sources of the Law (1921) repeats a number of times a quotation from Bishop Hoadley [1676-1761]: ‘Whoever hath an absolute authority to interpret any written or spoken laws, it is he who is truly the Law-giver to all intents and purposes, and not the person who first wrote or spoke them.” Lon L. Fuller, Anatomy of the Law 23-24 (1968).
law guardian. See guardian ad litem under GUARDIAN (I).
law-hand. (18c) Hist. An outmoded rococo method of handwriting once used by scribes in preparing legal documents.
law in action. (1909) The law as applied in the day-to-day workings of the legal system, as opposed to the law found in books. Sometimes written law-inaction. ~Also termed functionalism. See LEGAL REALISM. Cf. LAW IN BOOKS.
Disclaimer: All material throughout this website is pertinent to people everywhere, and is being utilized in accordance with Fair Use.
: Thomas E. Holland, The Elements of Jurisprudence 354 (13th ed. 1924).
: Roscoe Pound, “More About the Nature of Law,” in Legal Essays in Tribute to Orrin Kip McMurray at 513, 515 (Max Radin & Alexander M. Kidd eds., 1935).
: Tony Honoré, Making Law Bind: Essays Legal and Philosophical 33 (1987).
: Richard A. Posner, The Problems of Jurisprudence 220-21 (1990).
: Edwin E. Bryant, The Law of Pleading Under the Codes of Civil Procedure (2d ed. 1899).
: James Muirhead, Historical Introduction to the Private Law of Rome 243 (Henry Goudy ed., 1899).
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